Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 10; Issue 3 (June 2022)

Page No.: 4218-4224

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2022.119

Effect of Lumbar Spinal Mobilization on Primary Dysmenorrhea Among University Students

Suvinlal Stalin Russel *, Yen Wen Lau, Rahul Krishnan, Priya Kesar.

Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, MAHSA University, Malaysia.

Suvinlal Stalin: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9290-4327
Rahul Krishnan: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7819-6005
Priya Kesar: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2315-446X

Corresponding Author: Suvinlal Stalin Russel, Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, MAHSA University, Jln SP 2, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia. E-Mail: Suvinlal@mahsa.edu.my


Background: Lumbar spine mobilization provides a bodily inducement that affects one or more of the joint mechanoreceptors, muscle spindle systems, or Golgi tendon organs, resulting in reduced muscle tone and decreased pain. As primary dysmenorrhea is one of the common problems among half of adolescent girls and it is one of the reason for female’s absenteeism in class or work. All over the world, many studies have concluded the signs and symptoms of dysmenorrhea such as pain and mood swing. Hence, this investigation is used to catch on the effect of using non-pharmacology management to alleviate the pain for females suffering from primary dysmenorrhea.

Objective: This study intention is to find out the effect of lumbar spinal mobilization on primary dysmenorrhea among university students.

Methods: A quantitative, quasi-experimental research design with pre and post-test was used in this study. 20 subjects who met the inclusion criteria and aged between 18 to 26 were included and dispensed into two groups. Participants in Group A (n=10) were given LSM and hot pack whereas those in Group B (n=10) were only provided with hot pack. Treatment was commenced on the second day of menstrual cycle. Numerical pain rating scale (NPRS) was collected before and after the treatment.

Results: Data was analysed by using SPSS version 26. Parametric paired ‘t’ and unpaired ‘t’ tests were used to analyse the data. Paired ‘t’ test was used to analyse the data with each group while unpaired ‘t’ test was to analyse the data between two groups. Both group A and B have shown a significant reduction in NPRS score (p< 0.001). However, when comparing the two groups, unpaired ‘t’ test exhibited no significant differences (p>0.05).

Conclusion: In closure, lumbar spinal mobilization had proven no significant effect for university students who suffered from primary dysmenorrhea.

Keywords: Hot Pack, Lumbar Spinal Mobilization, Primary Dysmenorrhea, University Students.


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Cite this article: Suvinlal Stalin Russel, Yen Wen Lau, Rahul Krishnan, Priya Kesar.  Effect of Lumbar Spinal Mobilization on Primary Dysmenorrhea Among University Students. Int J Physiother Res 2022;10(3):4218-4224. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2022.119