Type of Article:  Review

Volume 10; Issue 2 (April 2022)

Page No.: 4188-4203

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2022.115

Homeostaticology, Iatrogenicology and Salutogenicology

R. Vinodh Rajkumar.

Physiotherapist, Medical Anthropologist & Gerontologist, Director – Prabhanjeet Fitness Research Institute OPC Private Limited, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 
ORCiD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6656-3178

Corresponding Author: R.Vinodh Rajkumar, Physiotherapist, Medical Anthropologist & Gerontologist, Director – Prabhanjeet Fitness Research Institute OPC Private Limited, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
E-Mail: dreamofkalam@rediffmail.com


Health may not be a perfect balance point but efforts can be made to maintain the health in a perfect homeostatic range. Disrupted homeostasis is the underlying issue of all the diseases. Larger and longer the deviations of the body from homeostatic conditions, poorer the ability to regain the original functions will be. George E Billman stated ‘Homeostasis: The Underappreciated and Far Too Often Ignored Central Organizing Principle of Physiology’. Lack of clinical diagnosis and treatments on the basis of homeostasis could lead to public health damage, disingenuous medical curriculum, and eventually iatrogenic pseudoscience. Ivan Illich criticized iatrogenesis caused by treatments, health policies, medicalization of life and eradication of autonomous coping skills during illnesses. Antonovsky distinctly stated that the salutogenesis was not limited by the disciplinary borders of one profession but rather an interdisciplinary approach and a question of bringing coherence between disciplines and realise what connects them through the people’s ability to comprehend the whole situation and the capacity to use the resources available [called as sense of coherence – SOC] to move in a health promoting direction. Prevention or healing of homeostatic disturbances obviously need interdisciplinary approach of various medical specializations including Physiotherapy. Intensifying impeccable prophylaxis, clinical applications and public health policies on the basis of homeostasis need in-depth and persistent emphasis on ‘Homeostaticology’, ‘Iatrogenicology’ and ‘Salutogenicology’.

Key words: Homeostasis, Iatrogenesis, Public health, Kinanthropometry, Salutogenesis, Stress, Eustress, Epigenetics, Exercise, Spiritual intelligence, Yerkes-Dodson Law.


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Cite this article: R. Vinodh Rajkumar. Homeostaticology, Iatrogenicology and Salutogenicology. Int J Physiother Res 2022;10(2):4188-4203. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2021.115