Type of Article:  Review

Volume 9; Issue 8 (December 2021)

Page No.: 4051-4057

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2021.192

Scapular Malalignment in Patients with Stroke: A Narrative Review

Eram N Kazi *1, Suvarna S Ganvir 2.

*1 Post Graduate Student, D.V.V.P. F’S College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

2 Head of the Department, D.V.V.P. F’S College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Eram N Kazi, D.V.V.P. F’S College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.  E-Mail: emuukazi97@gmail.com


Background: Scapular Malalignment leads to functional incapacity in stroke patients. This malalignment hampers the functional mobility and stability of shoulder joint in stroke patients due to which there is reduced range of motion and hampers activities of daily living in stroke patients. So, to investigate the extent of scapular malalignment in patients with acute, chronic and sub-acute stroke.

Methods: Four databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane, Science Direct) were searched to identify eligible studies using the keywords Scapular Malalignment and Stroke. Only observational studies published in last 10 years (2010-2020) were included in this review.

Results: Eight Studies, included in the review were conducted on patients with acute, sub-acute and chronic stage. The results showed that there is more of inferior angle tilting seen in patients with stroke and it increases with spasticity and alters functional mobility in patients with stroke.

Discussion: All studies were consistent in using the appropriate tools for measurement of scapular malalignment. Literature showed scapular malalignment affects scapular balance angle, functional mobility of hand and range of motion in patients with acute, sub-acute and chronic stroke. Most of the literature includes patients with sub-acute and chronic stroke.   There was no conflict of evidence observed among all articles.

Conclusion: There is influence of Scapular malalignment on spasticity, duration of stroke, upper limb mobility, and range of motion in stroke patients. Scapular Malalignment is observed in acute, sub-acute and chronic rotation and there is more of inferior angle tilting and rotation of scapula observed.

Key words: Scapular Malalignment, stroke.


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Cite this article: Eram N Kazi, Suvarna S Ganvir.  Scapular Malalignment in Patients with Stroke: A Narrative Review. Int J Physiother Res 2021;9(6):4051-4057. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2021.192