Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 9; Issue 5 (October 2021)

Page No.: 3986-3991

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2021.167

Pulmonary functions in kidney transplant recipients: Single centre observational study

Harda Shah *1, Nehal Shah 2.

*1 Senior lecturer of physiotherapy, IKDRC-ITS, PhD scholar, Gujarat University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

2 Principal I/c, SBB College of physiotherapy, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Corresponding author: Dr. Harda Shah PT, Senior Lecturer Of Physiotherapy, IKDRC-ITS, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, 380016. E-Mail: hardahshah@gmail.com


Background: Kidney transplantation in India is steadily increasing with advancement in medicines and surgical expertise. Subjects with kidney disease have spectrum of pulmonary pathologies but little is known regarding status on pulmonary function after kidney transplantation.

Method: 149 kidney transplant recipients between 18 to 60 years of age, having stable graft function and more than 6months of post-transplant duration were included in the study. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV1), the ratio of FEV1/FVC and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were evaluated.

Result: 11 (7.4%) had a restrictive ventilatory impairment, none had obstructive lung function. FEV1 and FVC were lower among subjects with high waist circumference, over weight and obese. FEV1/FVC ratio were lower in subjects with comorbidities or physical inactivity.

Conclusion: Restrictive lung functions present in few kidney transplant recipients. High waist circumference, over weight, obesity, comorbidity and physical inactivity alters pulmonary functions in kidney transplant recipients.

Key words: Kidney transplantation, pulmonary function test, anthropometry, physical activity, comorbidity.


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Cite this article: Harda Shah, Nehal Shah.  Pulmonary functions in kidney transplant recipients: Single centre observational study. Int J Physiother Res 2021;9(5):3986-3991. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2021.167