Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 9; Issue 3 (June 2021)

Page No.: 3843-3847

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2021.126

Effect of flow and volume-oriented incentive spirometer exercise on the hemodynamic parameters in cardiac surgery patients. Pilot interventional study

Pranjal Keny *1, Rajani Pagare 2.

*1 Student BPT, Deccan Education Society’s Brijlal Jindal College of Physiotherapy, Pune, India.

2 Professor and HOD (Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiotherapy), Deccan Education Society’s Brijlal Jindal College of Physiotherapy, Pune, India.

Address for correspondence: Pranjal Keny, 3/185, Raj Mahal, Rd 28-A, near Municipal school, Sion (East), Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Pin Code- 400 022. E-Mail: kenypranjal@gmail.com


Background: The 2 types of incentive spirometers (flow and volume-oriented) prescribed after cardiac surgery demonstrate a difference in the pattern of breathing, diaphragm mobility, pulmonary function test. Limited research is available on the effect of incentive spirometer on hemodynamic parameters.

Purpose: To provide hemodynamic perspective for preference of a specific type of incentive spirometer after cardiac surgery.

Method: Ideal method of performing breathing on their prescribed incentive spirometer was explained. On 2nd day post surgery, heart rate, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and blood pressure were noted immediately before and after performing 8 breaths on the incentive spirometer.

Results: The intergroup comparison i.e., the difference between changes caused by flow and volume-oriented incentive spirometers are statistically insignificant. The intra group comparison, the changes in hemodynamic parameters by flow and volume-oriented incentive spirometers are statistically insignificant, except for heart rate with flow-oriented incentive spirometers showed a statistically significant increase.

Conclusions: There is no difference in the impact of flow-oriented and volume-oriented Incentive spirometers on hemodynamic parameters in post-cardiac surgery patients.

Key words: Incentive spirometer, Cardiac surgery, Heart rate, Blood pressure, Respiratory Rate, Oxygen saturation.


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Cite this article: Pranjal Keny, Rajani Pagare.  Effect of flow and volume-oriented incentive spirometer exercise on the hemodynamic parameters in cardiac surgery patients. Pilot interventional study. Int J Physiother Res 2021;9(3):3843-3847. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2021.126