Type of Article:  Review

Volume 8; Issue 2 (April 2020)

Page No.: 3429-3437

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2020.114


Zoya Khatri *1, Chetana Kunde 2, Suvarna Ganvir 3.

*1 Intern in Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

2 Assistant Professor (Dept. of Neurosciences), Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

3 HOD and  Professor (Dept. of Neurosciences), Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Zoya Khatri, PT., Intern in Dr. Vithalrao Vikhe Patil Foundations College of Physiotherapy, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. E-Mail: zoyakhatri2@gmail.com


Background: Balance is defined as the ability to maintain a position within the limits of stability or base of support. It is indicated that postural control system plays an important role in maintenance of balance on the small support base. The complexity of balancing processes makes it challenging to assess balancing abilities in a concise, holistic approach. This study extends previous efforts by reviewing a large number of papers that use of various mechanical tools to assess postural balance and by providing a detailed overview of the common mechanical tools used to assess postural balance and gait.

Methods: We searched the electronic database. The literature search produced a total of 302 items. After removal of duplicates, posters, other studies not mention mechanical tools to evaluate static and dynamic balance in clinical conditions, 28 papers met the inclusion criteria for this review.

Results: This search selected 7 tools to assess trunk control in various clinical conditions: Inertial balance sensor, Computerised dynamic posturography, Biodex Balance System, Force plate., MatScan® pressure mat, Microsoft Kinect’s built-in RGB-D sensor and Clinical Test of sensory integration using Chinese lantern.

Conclusion: Inertial as well as Microsoft Kinect’s built-in RGB-D sensors are cost effective, time effective, does not need a specific set up, analysis static balance as well as the gait parameters. This can therefore be chosen over other mechanical tools due to its better convenience and efficiency.

KEY WORDS: Static Balance, Dynamic Balance, Mechanical tools, Posturography, Sensors, Clinical Conditions.


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Cite this article: Zoya Khatri, Chetana Kunde, Suvarna Ganvir. VARIOUS STATIC AND DYNAMIC BALANCE MEASURING AND TRAINING MECHANICAL TOOLS IN PATIENTS WITH CLINICAL CONDITIONS: A LITERATURE REVIEW. Int J Physiother Res 2020;8(2):3429-3437. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2020.114