Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 1 (February 2020)

Page No.: 3359-3365

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2019.202


Sheetal Aurangabadkar *1, Medha Deo 2.

*1 MPTh Community Medical sciences, Asst. Professor, Terna College of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India.

2 MPT. Musculoskeletal Sciences, Principal & Professor, Terna College of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Sheetal Aurangabadkar (MPTh Community Medical sciences), Asst. Professor, Terna College of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, India. E-Mail: coolchimi@gmail.com


Background: Poor sleep quality and depression along with physiological changes due to ageing contribute to increased incidences of falls. It has been observed that among most of the elderly residents these problems remain untreated and studies have shown almost eighty five percentage of this  population rely on antidepressants and sedatives  as a treatment of choice. But these medications can have deleterious side effects like day time confusion, drowsiness and falls. Physical exercises in different modes like resisted exercises or Tai Chai have shown to improve sleep quality and depression. But most of these exercises are done in standing or unaided  and they can be difficult or impossible for frail elderly due to their co- morbidity and increased risk of falling.

Methodology: Permission to carry out the study was taken from concerned authorities of old age homes. Written consent was taken from participants. Thirty subjects aged sixty five years and above  were  recruited in the study from the old age homes, Navi Mumbai. The participants were screened and pre-test score for depression and sleep quality were taken on Pittsburgh Sleep quality index and Geriatric depression scale. A structured group ,chair based exercises was undertaken and supervised  by the  physiotherapist, twice in a week for  ten weeks  .The exercises included were  warm up, free mobility exercises for upper and lower limbs, breathing exercises and cool down  for  about forty five  minutes. After completion of ten weeks  post test score for outcome measures  were noted and results were analysed.

Results: Statistical analysis was done using  Wilcoxon signed rank test for  Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and Geriatric Depression Scale. The Global Score of sleep quality scale showed improvement post-test value of 9.5 from 12.5, z value 4.230, p value less than 0.001. The post test for depression improved  to 12 from  pre-test score of 17, z value 4.639, p value less than 0 .001. The study was single blinded to reduce bias.

Conclusion: Chair based exercises can be considered as simple and effective  exercises to improve poor sleep quality and depression among institutionalized elderly.

Key Words: Chair Based Exercises, Insomnia, Depression.


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Cite this article: Sheetal Aurangabadkar, Medha Deo. EFFICACY OF CHAIR BASED EXERCISES TO IMPROVE SELF REPORTED SLEEP PROBLEMS AND DEPRESSION AMONG INSTITUTIONALISED ELDERLY. Int J Physiother Res 2020;8(1):3359-3365. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2019.202