Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 3 (June 2018)

Page No.: 2764-2770

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2018.139


Hefaa Alsaleh *, Marilyn Moffat.

*  Department of Physical Therapy, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, New York University, New York, NY, USA

Correspondence Address: Hefaa Alsaleh, Department of Physical Therapy, 380 Second Avenue, 4th Floor New York, New York 10010-5615 E-Mail: Haifa.homoud@gmail.com


Background: Pes planus deformity of the feet is primarily an asymptomatic condition that alters the lower limb biomechanics. It is associated with changes in knee alignment among older adults and subjects with osteoarthritis. No data are available on the correlation between pes planus and knee alignment among young adults.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between the presence of pes planus and tibiofemoral angle measurement in normal, healthy young adults.

Methods: Thirty subjects had their flat footedness assessed by using Feiss’ line test. The tibiofemoral angle was assessed through a photograph of their lower limbs, and the data from the photograph were processed using the SCODIAC program.

Results: No significant differences were found between pes planus and tibiofemoral angle among healthy, young adults. Seven subjects had bilateral structural flat feet, while most of the participants had 1st degree flat foot. Knee genu varum was observed in most of the participants.

Conclusions: Although there was no significant correlation between pes planus and tibiofemoral angle measurement among young healthy adults, the findings of this study agreed with the previous studies that was done on older adults and subjects with knee osteoarthritis in the fact that most of the pes planus feet had genu varum knee alignment.

Key words: Pes planus, Feiss’ line test, tibiofemoral angle, valgus knee, varus knee, genu varum, genu valgum.


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Cite this article: Hefaa Alsaleh, Marilyn Moffat. CORRELATION BETWEEN PES PLANUS AND TIBIOFEMORAL ANGLE MEASUREMENT IN NORMAL, HEALTHY YOUNG ADULTS. Int J Physiother Res 2018;6(3):2764-2770. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2018.139