Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 2 (March 2018)

Page No.: 2643-2647

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2018.105


Dhwani. Prakash. Sidhpura *1, Satish Pimpale 2, Ajay Kumar 3.

*1 UG Intern, DPO’S Nett college of Physiotherapy, Thane, India.

2Assistant Professor, Lokmanya Medical College of Physiotherapy, Kharghar, India.

3 Principal, DPO’S Nett college of Physiotherapy, Thane, India.

Corresponding author: Dhwani. Prakash. Sidhpura,  UG Intern, DPO’S Nett college of Physiotherapy, Thane, India. Address: A/301, Vijay Park Building, Mathuradas Extn Road, Kandivali (W), Mumbai-400067. Contact Number-09930358898 E-Mail: dhwanisidhpura23268@gmail.com


Background: Postnatal Depression (PND) is depression with onset usually 6 weeks of delivery. The prevalence of PND according to western studies is 13-19% and in India rates are 11-26.3%. Socioeconomic Status (SES) is an important determinant of health, nutritional status, mortality and morbidity of an individual. Women belonging to Upper SES have ability to access to all the up to date facilities available in the market required during pregnancy, delivery and post-delivery whereas considering women of lower SES, they lack even the basic of the adequate facilities and access to mental health services and are least likely to report symptoms of depression. This scenario calls for more studies on PND, in an attempt to better understand the disease and its associations, with a view to prevention, early diagnosis and management.

Materials and Methods: An observational study was conducted for duration of 1 year in metropolitan city with a sample size of 300 women between age of 20-30 years also the inclusion criteria consisted of women who had Full term normal vaginal delivery, immediate postpartum to 6 weeks postpartum and primiparous women .

Outcome Measures: Women were classified into Upper, Middle and lower SES using the Modified Kuppuswamy Scale. A Score of 26-29 –Upper Class, 11-15 middle class and <5 lower class. Women were screened for depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. (EPDS). A score of ≥10 on the EPDS was used as a measure of primary outcome, depression.

Results: Mean scores of PND was 1.58, 10.58 and 14.80 of upper, middle and lower SES women respectively which was analysed statistically and found to be significant.

Conclusion: This study concludes that there is significant difference in the level of postnatal depression when compared between upper, middle and lower socioeconomic status women.

KEY WORDS: Postnatal depression, Socioeconomic Status, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.


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Cite this article: Dhwani. Prakash. Sidhpura, Satish Pimpale, Ajay Kumar. COMPARISON OF POST-NATAL DEPRESSION AMONG WOMEN OF UPPER, MIDDLE AND LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. Int J Physiother Res 2018;6(2):2643-2647. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2018.105