Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 5 (October 2017)

Page No.: 2399-2404

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.216


Engy M. El Nahas *1, Amir A. Gabr 2.

*1 Department of physical therapy for Women’s health, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.

Corresponding Author: Engy M. El Nahas, PhD, Department of Physical Therapy for Woman’s Health, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, 7 Ahmed Elzayat, Dokki, Giza 12613, Egypt; Tel: +201005733192;

E-Mail: dr_engy@hotmail.com


Background: Iron deficiency anemia has recently been ranked as the third leading cause worldwide of loss of disability-adjusted life years for women aged from 15 to 44 years.

Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the effect of aerobic exercises on anemia in girls.

Participants and methods: Thirty girls participated in this study, their age ranged from 17 to 22 years. They were divided randomly into two groups equal in number: Study group (group A) performed aerobic exercises in form of bicycling (60-70% of HR max), 30 minutes for each treatment session, for 3 sessions per week, for 12 weeks in addition to iron supplement (Ferro-6) and Control group (group B) received only iron supplement (Ferro-6) for 12 weeks.  All participants in both groups (A and B) were assessed pre- and post-treatment through measuring hemoglobin level by blood analysis and scores of total symptoms of anemia by self-administered questionnaire.

Results: The results showed that there was a non-statistical significant difference of Hb level between both groups (A and B) post-treatment, where the p values were (>0.05). Although, the percentage of improvement of Hb level was higher in group (A) (8.58%) than in group (B) (5.23%).There was highly statistical significant decrease in scores of total symptoms of anemia and scores of fatigue in group (A) post-treatment when compared with group (B) where the p values were (< 0.01). Also, the percentage of improvement in the total symptoms of anemia was higher in group (A) (42.9%) than in group (B) (16.7%). The percentage of improvement in scores of fatigue was higher in group (A) (50%).

Conclusion: It could be concluded that adding aerobic exercises to medication has better effect on Hb level and scores of total symptoms of anemia than medication only.

Key words: aerobic exercises, iron deficiency anemia, girls.


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Cite this article: Engy M. El Nahas, Amir A. Gabr. IMPACT OF AEROBIC EXERCISES ON IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA IN GIRLS. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(5):2399-2404. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.216