Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 5 (September 2017)

Page No.: 2342-2355

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.209


Mohamed Mostafa M. Essa 1, Hossam El-Din Fawaz 2, Hamada Ahmed Hamada 2, Mariam Abd-Elmoneem Ameer *2, Salam Mohamed Elhafez 2.

1 Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Musr University, Giza, Egypt.

2 Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Corresponding author: Mariam Abd-Elmoneem Ameer, Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza,  Egypt.

Tel: +201094169696  E-Mail: mariam_ameer7@hotmail.com


Background: Osteoporosis is considered as the main cause of bone weakness and fracture in old age.  The main purpose of this study was to explore the effect of core and treadmill trainings on skeletal mineralization in postmenopausal osteoporotic women.

Materials and Methods: Twenty osteoporotic postmenopausal women ageing between 50 to 60 years with BMI between 20.2 to 24.9 kg/m2 engaged in this study. They were assigned randomly into two equal groups. Participants of the group (I) received core training programme, while the group (II) received treadmill training programme lasting three months period. Bone mineral densities (BMD) at L2-L4 and right femoral neck were measured using a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The participants were tested twice; before and after the training programmes.

Results: The statistical analysis showed that there was a significant increase in femoral neck bone mineral density in group (II) in the post-treatment condition (p<0.05). Moreover, there was a significant improvement (p<0.05) in femoral neck BMD in group (II) compared with group (I). However, there were no significant differences in the lumber spine bone mineral density between the pre-treatment and post-treatment conditions for either group (p>0.05).

Conclusions: It can be concluded that the treadmill training programme is an effective treatment policy to improve BMD (especially at hip region) and help in decreasing bone loss in postmenopausal women.

Key words: Bone mineral density, Core Training, Treadmill Training, Aging, Osteoporosis.


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Cite this article: Mohamed Mostafa M. Essa, Hossam El-Din Fawaz, Hamada Ahmed Hamada, Mariam Abd-Elmoneem Ameer, Salam Mohamed Elhafez. EFFECT OF CORE AND TREADMILL TRAININGS ON SKELETAL MINERALIZATION IN POST-MENOPAUSAL OSTEOPOROTIC WOMEN. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(5):2342-2355. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.209