Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 5 (October 2017)

Page No.: 2356-2359

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.208


Vidhi Shah *1 ,  Harita Vyas 2.

*1 Post Graduate Student, Cardiopulmonary Department, S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy, V.S.Genaral Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

2 Lecturer, S.B.B. College of Physiotheapy, V.S.Genaral Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Address for Correspondence:  Dr. Vidhi Shah. PT., Post Graduate Student, Cardiopulmonary Department, S.B.B. College of Physiotherapy, V.S.Genaral Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. E-Mail: vidhishah8393@gmail.com


Background: Pulmonary function tests play an important role in the assessment, diagnosis, quantification of the ventilatory disorders intensity, and treatment course. Changes in posture can affect the resting length of respiratory muscles and the vestibular system contributes to altering respiratory muscle activity during movement and changes in posture. Aim of this study is to find different angle changes how effect on the pulmonary function.

Materials and Method: A cross sectional study was conducted on 30 young healthy females. Their Pulmonary function test was done with portable PFT machine in three various angles (450 head down, 0˚supine position, 45˚ Oblique) by using tilt table.

Results: The result shows significant difference of FVC and FEV1 values in supine, oblique and head down positions [P value=0.000]. The values of FVC and FEV1 are highest in oblique position.

Conclusion: There was significant difference in effect of different angle on pulmonary function and it was highest in oblique (450) position.

KEY WORDS: Pulmonary function, tilt table, different angle, ventilation.


  1. Pryor JA, Prasad SA. Physiotherapy for respiratory and cardiac problems, Singapore, Churchill Livingstone; 2011.
  2. Gea J. La especie humana: un largo camino para el sistemarespiratorio. Arch Bronconeumol. 2008;44:263-70
  3. Kapleri E, Vourazanis E, Strimpakos N. Neck pain causes respiratory dysfunction. Medical hypotheses. 2008; 70(5):1009–13.
  4. Lee BK. The Effect Of The Forced Pulmonary Function of Young Female by Changes in Lung Function Related to Postures and by Transverse Abdominis Activation in Standing Position. J Korean Soc Phys Ther. 2012;7(3):267–74.
  5. Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisologia. Diretrizespara testes de func¸ão pulmonar. J Pneumol. 2002;28 Suppl.3:S1-238.
  6. Gibson J, Whitelaw W, Siafakas N. Tests of overall respiratoryfunction. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2002;166:521-6.
  7. Chevrolet JC, Deleamond P. Repeated vital capacity measure-ments as predictive parameters for mechanical ventilation needand weaning success in Guillain—Barré syndrome. Am Rev RespirDis. 1991;144:814-8.
  8. McCool FD and Leith DE. Pathophysiology of cough. Clinics in Chest Medicine 1987;8:189-195.
  9. Leith DE. Cough. Physical Therapy 1968;48:439-447.
  10. Hough A. The effect of posture on lung function. Physiotherapy 1984;70:101-104.
  11. Derenne JP, Macklem PT and Roussos CH. The respiratory muscles – mechanism, control and pathophysiology. American Review of Respiratory Disease 1978;118:119-205.
  12. Kim IB, Kim EK, Kang JH. The influence of position change on autonomic nervous system function. J Korean Soc Phys Ther. 2014;9(1):63–8.
  13. Wallace JL, George CM, Tolley EA, et al. Peak expiratory flow inbed. A comparison of 3 positions. Respir Care. 2013;58:494-7.
  14. Hojat B, Mahdi E. Effect of different sitting posture on pulmonary function on students, Journal of physiology and pathophysiology, 2011;2(3):29-33.
  15. Behrakis PK, Baydur A, Jaeger MJ, et al. Lung mechanics in sitting and horizontal body positions. Chest. 1998;83:643-6.
  16. Wade OL and Gilson JC. The effect of posture on diaphragmatic movement and vital capacity in normal subjects with a note on spirometry as an aid in determining radiological chest volumes. Thorax 1951;6:103-126.
  17. Barach AL and Beck GJ. Ventilatory effects of head down position in pulmonary emphysema. American Journal of Medicine 1954;16:55-60.
  18. Pankow W, Podszus T, Gutheil T, et al. Expiratory flow limitation and intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure in obesity. J Appl Physiol. 1998;85:1236-43.
  19. Valenza F, Vagginelli F, Tiby A, et al. Effects of the beach chair position, positive end-expiratory pressure, and pneumoperitoneum on respiratory function in morbidly obesepatients during anesthesia and paralysis. Anesthesiology.2010;107:725-32.
  20. Dean E. Effect of body position on pulmonary function. Phys Ther. 1985;65:613-8.
  21. Franc¸a EET, Ferrari F, Fernandes P, et al. Fisioterapia empacientes críticos adultos: recomendac¸ões do Departamento deFisioterapia da Associac¸ão de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira. RevBras Ter Intensiv. 2012;24:6-22.
  22. Kim SY, Kim NS, Jung JH, Jo MR. Effect of Forward Head Posture on Respiratory Function in Young Adults. J Korean Soc Phys Ther. 2013;25(5):311–5.

Cite this article: Vidhi Shah, Harita Vyas. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT ANGLE ON PULMONARY FUNCTION IN YOUNG HEALTHY FEMALES. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(5):2356-2359. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.208