Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 4 (July 2017)

Page No.: 2198-2202

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.171


Meghana R Pandya *1, Megha S Sheth 2.

*1 P.G. Student, S.B.B College of Physiotherapy, V.S. Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

 2 Lecturer, S.B.B College of Physiotherapy, V.S. Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Meghana R Pandya, PT., 8/Punit complex, Near S.B.I., Punit ashram road, Maninagar, Ahmedabad-380008, Gujrat, India. E-Mail: megh18594@gmail.com


Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) of knee is a degenerative joint disease which contributes significantly to functional limitation and disability in older people. It is an important cause of pain which is a major cause of activity limitation, functional disability and reduced health-related quality of life. The aim was to compare the effect of mechanical traction versus conventional therapy on pain and function in participants with knee OA.

Materials and Methods:  An experimental study was conducted at college of physiotherapy on 24 participants. Participants were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Group A was given mechanical traction for 10 minutes, and hot pack for 10 min 5 days/week for 1 week .Group B was given conventional physiotherapy in the form of hot pack to the knee for 10 minutes. Both groups received a set of 10 repetitions of quadriceps drill 5 times/day for one week. Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) was used to assess knee pain and Lequesne Index (LI)was used to measure physical function.

Results: Within group difference in NPRS and LI scores were calculated using t test and between groups using Mann Whitney U test. Mean difference in NPRS score for group A was 1.333±0.49,Z=-3.176,p=0.001 and group B was 1.25±0.6215,Z=-3.035,p=0.002. Difference in mean NPRS between the groups 1.33±0.481,U=68, p=0.843. Mean difference in LI score for group A was 5.0833±1.916,Z=-3.066, p=0.002) and for group B was 3.3750±1.625,Z=-3.074,p=0.002. Differences in mean LI scores between the groups was 4.22±1.94,U=35.5,p=0.034.

Conclusion: Mechanical traction is more effective in reducing pain and improving physical function in subjects with osteoarthritis knee.

Key Words: Mechanical traction, Osteoarthritis, Pain, Function.


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Cite this article: Meghana R Pandya, Megha S Sheth. EFFECT OF MECHANICAL TRACTION ON PAIN AND FUNCTION IN SUBJECTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS KNEE. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(4):2198-2202. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.171