IJPR.2017.162

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 3 (June 2017)

Page No.: 2144-2148

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.162

ASSESSMENT OF POSTURAL DEVIATIONS IN GIRLS SCHOOL AGE STUDENTS

Asmaa Osama Sayed *1,  Gehan Hassen ELmenyawee 1, Amira Bekheet Abdel- sabour 2.

1 Department of physical therapy for growth and developmental disorder in children and its surgery, Faculty of physical therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

2 Bachelor of science in physical therapy, Cairo University, Egypt.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Asmaa Osama Sayed, Lecturer, Department of Physical Therapy for Growth and Developmental Disorders in Children and It’s Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Egypt. E-Mail:  drasmaaosama@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

Background: musculoskeletal deviations exist among children in the public schools that raises the need for a mandatory postural screening program.

Purpose: of this study was to identify the postural alternations that occur in girls school students between age 7 to 9years old.

Materials and Methods: three hundred thirty seven normal girls students were selected using multistage sampling methods , aged from 7 to 9 years old in governmental school in southern educational district in Alexandria they were photographed in sagittal and frontal planes (anterior, posterior and lateral view) from standing position with markers on certain bony landmarks, then images were analyzed using specially designed auto cat software program to detect postural abnormality as follow:1) postural scliosis, 2) postural kyphosis,3)sway back(excessive lumber hyperlordosis).

Results: showed that there is mild postural kyphosis (44%), mild percentage of excessive hyperlordosis (45%), very low percentage of postural scoliosis (27.6%) of sample representing population in in southern educational district in Alexandria. all of them are non-structural postural deviation.

Conclusion: there is a rise of postural alternation in school age girls in governmental school (postural kyphosis, excessive hyperlordosis, postural scoliosis)  that need to be prevented by early detection of postural abnormality that can affect the quality of life during childhood and continue through adulthood.

Key words:   Posture, Scoliosis, Postural Kyphosis, Excessive Hyperlordosis, Students.

REFERENCES

  1. Penha PJ, Casarotto RA,  Sacco ICN,  Marques AP and João SMA. Qualitative postural analysis among boys and girls of seven to ten years of age, p. 387- 389:391. 2008.
  2. Oatis CA. Kinesiology: the mechanics and pathomechanics of human movement. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2004.
  3. Kuo YL, Tully EA, Galea MP. Video analysis of sagittal spinal posture in healthy young and older adults. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009;32(3):210-215.
  4. Kendall FP, McCreary EK, Provance PG, Rodgers MM, Romani WA. Muscles Testing and Function with Posture and Pain. 5th ed. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005.
  5. Batistão MV, Sentanin AC, Moriguchi SC, Hansson GA, Coury HJCG, Sato TO. Furniture dimensions and postural overload for schoolchildren’s head, upper back and upper limbs. Work. 2012;41:4817-24.
  6. Marques AP. Manual de Goniometria. 2 ed. São Paulo: Editora Manole; 74-75. 2008.
  7. Neumann D. Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System: Foundations for Physical Rehabilitation. 2nd ed. Mosby . 2009.
  8. Dolphens M, Cagnie B, Coorevits P, et al.: Sagittal standing posture and its association with spinal pain: a school-based epidemiological study of 1196 Flemish adolescents before age at peak height velocity. Spine, 2012;37: 1657–1666.
  9. Grimmer K, Williams M. Gender-age environmental associates of adolescent low back pain. Appl Ergon 2000;31(4):343-360.
  10. Widhe T. Spine: Posture, mobility and pain. A longitudinal study from childhood to adolesence. Eur Spine J 10:118, 2001.
  11. Orloff HA, Rapp CM. The effects of load carriage on spinal curvature and posture. Spine 2004;29(12):1325-1329.
  12. Levangie PK , Norkin CC and Austin NM . Joint Structure and Function : A Comprehensive Analysis – Fourth Edition,Text book ,Ch.13 posture,   p . 486 – 503 . 2005.
  13. Batistão , Carnaz L. , Barbosa L. , Gislaine C. and Sato T. . Posture and musculoskeletal pain in eutrophic, overweighed, and obese students, cross-sectional study , Federal University of São Carlos, Brazil . June 2014.
  14. Penha PJ, Baldini M, João SMA. Spinal postural alignment variance according to sex and age in 7- and 8-year-old children. J Manipulative Physiol Ther.2009;32(2):154-9.
  15. Fassa AG, Facchini LA, Agnoll MM, Christianni, DC. Child Labor and Musculoskeletal disorders: The Pelotas (Brazil) epidemiological survey. Public Health Rep. 2005;12:665-673.
  16. Chansirinukor W, Wilson D, Grimmer K, Dansie B. Effects of backpacks on students: Measurement of cervical and shoulder posture. Aust J Physiother.2001;47(2):110-6.
  17. Penha PJ, Baldini M, João SMA. Spinal postural alignment variance according to sex and age in 7- and 8-year-old children . J Manipulative Physiol Ther.2009;32(2):154-9.
  18. Cil A, Yazici M, Uzumcugil A, Kandemir U, Alanay A, Alanay Y, et al. The Evolution of Sagittal Segmental Alignment of the Spine During Childhood. Spine.2004;30(1):93-100.

Cite this article: Asmaa Osama Sayed, Gehan Hassen ELmenyawee, Amira Bekheet Abdel- sabour. ASSESSMENT OF POSTURAL DEVIATIONS IN GIRLS SCHOOL AGE STUDENTS. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(3):2144-2148. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.162
Share this Research
Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInEmail this to someonePrint this pagePin on Pinterest