IJPR.2017.137

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 3 (June 2017)

Page No.: 2066-2072

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.137

A RANDOMISED CONTROLLED STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY IN ACUTE SINUSITIS

Anand B Heggannavar *1, Anil S Harugop 2, Divya M Madhale 3, Linata S Walavalkar 4.

*1 Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University, Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

2 Head of the Department and Professor, E.N.T and H.N.S, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

3,4 Physiotherapist, KLE University. Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr Anand B Heggannavar, MPT, Associate Professor, Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University, Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India. E-Mail: anandhegs@yahoo.co.in 

ABSTRACT

Background: Sinusitis is the inflammation of the mucous lining of any or all of the paranasal sinuses. It is a very common condition with a high incidence rate. It also shows high recurrence of symptoms which causes high damage to the patient and disables him/her to carry out daily activities efficiently. Availability of medical options has increased but so has the rate of antibiotics resistance. Therefore, it becomes a necessity to prevent recurrence of symptoms by providing an adequate overall treatment in the initial i.e. the acute phase of sinusitis. Shortwave diathermy is a deep heating modality. Extensive literature is available on various medical and surgical treatment options for sinusitis but there is lack of sufficient evidence on use of shortwave diathermy- a physiotherapy modality, for the cases of sinusitis. Hence, this study is done to evaluate the effectiveness of shortwave diathermy in acute sinusitis.

Materials and Methods: 30 subjects between 18- 50 years age with acute sinusitis were referred by E.N.T. department of KLES Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital. They were divided into 2 groups with 15 subjects in each group randomly where allocation was done by envelope method. Subject in Group A were treated with placebo SWD (20 minutes) and medications for 5 days. Subjects in Group B were treated with shortwave diathermy (20 minutes) and medications for 5 days. Outcome was measured with help of SNOT-22 (Sinonasal Outcome Test -22) questionnaire which was filled on first day prior to the treatment session and on the fifth day after the completion of five treatment sessions. To assess the changes in pre-treatment and post-treatment symptoms in both the groups, the data was analyzed with the paired t-test.

Results: The percentage of change in SNOT-22 scores pre-treatment and post-treatment in Group A was 23.36% whereas in Group B was 46.54%.

Conclusion: Shortwave diathermy along with medications is more effective then placebo SWD along with medications in treatment of acute sinusitis.

Key words: Acute sinusitis, Shortwave Diathermy, Sinonasal Outcome Test-22.

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Cite this article: Anand B Heggannavar, Anil S Harugop, Divya M Madhale, Linata S Walavalkar. A RANDOMISED CONTROLLED STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SHORTWAVE DIATHERMY IN ACUTE SINUSITIS. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(3):2066-2072. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.137
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