IJPR.2017.117

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2 (April 2017)

Page No.: 1966-1970

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2017.117

ROLE OF SWISS BALL EXERCISES IN REDUCING PAIN, DISABILITY AND IMPROVING MUSCLE ENDURANCE IN PATIENTS WITH MECHANICAL LOW BACK ACHE

Sumit Raghav *, Anshika Singh.

Subharti College Of Physiotherapy, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut (U.P.), India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Sumit Raghav, Subharti College Of Physiotherapy, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut (U.P.), India.

E-Mail: drsumitraghav@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Low back pain is a very common health problem associated with considerable disability and costs to society. Low back pain is becoming increasingly common. Approximately 70-90% of our population suffers from low back pain or has suffered from multiple episodes of low back pain. Pain aggravated by extension, side-flexion, rotation, standing, walking, sitting, and exercise in general, and relieved by changing in position. Many different therapeutic interventions are used in the management of low back pain. Swiss ball exercises have become an important part of the fitness regimen and widely used exercises for low back ache.

Materials and Methods: The study was of an experimental design, with 30 subjects, 13 were female, 17 were male, and all subjects were assigned according to criteria (inclusion & exclusion) and carried out at physiotherapy OPD of CSS Hospital, Meerut. Disability & pain were assessed by using the ODI & VAS score respectively while endurance of abdominal and trunk extensors muscles assessed by using DAET and DEET score. The subjects were reassessed after completion of 6 weeks of intervention. The collected data were of mean and standard deviation of ODI, VAS, DAET and DEET score and has been analyzed using SPSS software. The study was done to find out the efficacy of Swiss ball exercises in reducing pain, disability and improving endurance of muscles (abdominal and trunk) in patients with mechanical low back ache.

Results: The results showed that there were significant difference in pain, disability and muscle endurance with their VAS, ODI score (p=0.001) and DAET, DEET score respectively.

Conclusion:  Study concluded that the difference from 1st to 42nd day in VAS, ODI, DEET & DEET score which shows that swiss ball exercises are effective to decrease  pain, disability and improve muscle endurance.

Key words: MLBA (Mechanical Low Back ache), ODI (Oswestry Disability Index) VAS (Visual Analog Scale), DAET (Dynamic Abdominal Endurance Test) and DEET (Dynamic Extensors Endurance Test).

REFERENCES

  1. Nicola Vader Roer, Minimal Clinically Important Change for Pain Intensity, Functional Status, and General Health Status in Patients with Nonspecific Low Back Pain. SPINE 2006;31(5):578-582.
  2. Michael A. Clark, Alan M.Rusell. Article on LBP; A Functional Perspective 2005, https://www.performbetter.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/PBOnePieceView?storeId=10151&catalogId=10751&pagename=78
  3. Everett C Hills, Stephen Kishner. et al. Mechanical low back pain. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/310353-overview
  4. Shankar G, Chauarsia V. Comparative Study of Core Stability Exercises with Swiss Ball in Improving Trunk Endurance. International Journal of Health Sciences & Research. 2012;2(5).
  5. Pamela k, levangie, Cynthia c. norkin: structure and function of lumbar spine; a comprehensive analysis, 4th edition, published by jaypee brothers.
  6. NICE Guideline. Low back pain : early management of persistent non-specific low back pain, may 2009.
  7. David J. Magee: Orthopedic physical assessment, chapter 9, 5th edition, Published by W.B.Saunders; page no 524
  8. C.P. and Brown M.D. Is there a role for exercise in the treatment of patients with low back pain? Clinical orthopedics and related research, 1983;179:39-45.
  9. Susan B O’Sullivan & Thomas J Schmitz: physical rehabilitation, chapter 11, 5th edition,        published by Jaypee brothers medical publishers ltd, page no. 381.
  10. David J. Magee: Orthopedic physical assessment, chapter 9, 5th edition, Published by W.B.Saunders; page no 553-54 and 540-44.
  11. Ludmilla M, Cosio-Lima, Katy L, et al. Effects of Physioball and Conventional Floor Exercises on Early Phase Adaptation In Back and Abdominal Core Stability and Balance in Women. The Journal of Strength and Condition Research; 2002;17(4):721-725.
  12. Drake JD, Fischer SL, Brown SH, Callaghan JP. Do exercise balls provide a training advantage for trunk extensor exercises? A biomechanical evaluation. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics. 2006 Jun 30;29(5):354-62.

Cite this article: Sumit Raghav, Anshika Singh. ROLE OF SWISS BALL EXERCISES IN REDUCING PAIN, DISABILITY AND IMPROVING MUSCLE ENDURANCE IN PATIENTS WITH MECHANICAL LOW BACK ACHE. Int J Physiother Res 2017;5(2):1966-1970. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2017.117
Share this Research
Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInEmail this to someonePrint this pagePin on Pinterest