Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2717-2719
Date of Publication: 31-08-2016
A STUDY OF ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF ARCH OF AORTA
Anupama D *1, Vinay Kumar K 1, R Lakshmi Prabha Subhash 2.
*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.
2 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, Karnataka, India.
Address: Dr. Anupama D. MBBS., MD, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Sri Siddhartha Medical College, Tumkur, 572107, Karnataka, India. Mob: +919449217373 E-Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: To study the anatomical variations in the branching pattern of Arch of Aorta in Indian subjects and to discuss their surgical anatomy on embryological basis.
Materials and Methods: In our study, branching pattern of the arch of aorta was studied in 30 cadaveric hearts of both sexes of Indian origin. The specimens were studied by gross anatomical dissection which was carried out in the Department of Anatomy at Sri Siddhartha Medical college, Tumkur and the variations in the branches of aorta were Observed.
Results: The usual three-branching pattern of Arch of Aorta were found in 27 cadavers (90%); Variations were found in 3 cadavers (10%); 2 of them (6.67%) presented common origin of the Brachiocephalic trunk and left Common carotid arteries (Common Brachio Cephalic Trunk, CBCT ); One cadaver( 3.33%) presented anomalous origin of left vertebral artery directly from the Arch of Aorta. All 3 cadavers with anomalous aortic arch branching pattern were males.
Conclusion: Anomalies of the aortic root vessels may present in adults and are common incidental findings during standard vascular imaging. Knowledge of their presentation and management is important for surgeons dealing with vascular pathology within these anomalous vessels & of value for a safe attempt in suitable position for catheterization & other surgical procedures.
KEY WORDS: Arch of Aorta , Brachio cephalic trunk, Common Carotid artery, Vertebral artery, Variations.
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Anupama D, Vinay Kumar K, R Lakshmi Prabha Subhash. A STUDY OF ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF ARCH OF AORTA. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2717-2719. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.315