Type of Article: Cas Report
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 2508-2511
Date of Publication: 30-06-2016
UNILATERAL ATYPICAL VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY AND ITS CIRCUMFLEX BRANCHES: CLINICO-EMBYOLOGICAL ANNOTATION
Shilpi Garg *1, Shilpi Agarwal 1, Babita Pangtey 2.
*1 Senior resident, Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
Address: Dr. Shilpi Garg, Senior resident, Department of Anatomy, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.
Background: Femoral artery is frequently accessed by radiologists and surgeons. Anatomical knowledge of the variations of femoral artery and its branches including profunda femoris, medial and lateral femoral circumflex arteries is required to minimize complications during clinical procedures in the femoral region and hip joint replacement.
Case Report: We report a unilateral variation in the branching pattern of profunda femoris artery and its circumflex branches in the femoral triangle of left side in middle aged old male formalin preserved cadaver. The variations were noted, measured and appropriately photographed.
Observations: The profunda femoris artery was arising from the posterior-medial aspect of femoral artery approximately 4-5 cm below the inguinal ligament and medial & lateral circumflex arteries was arising from femoral artery along with profunda femoris artery. The embryological and clinical implications of the observed variations are discussed.
Conclusion: Knowledge of such variations in the branching pattern of femoral artery should be considered before planning different diagnostic and therapeutic interventions.
Key Words: Femoral artery, Lateral circumflex femoral artery, Medial circumflex femoral artery, Profunda femoris artery, VEGF, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor.
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Shilpi Garg, Shilpi Agarwal, Babita Pangtey. UNILATERAL ATYPICAL VARIATION IN THE BRANCHING PATTERN OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY AND ITS CIRCUMFLEX BRANCHES: CLINICO-EMBYOLOGICAL ANNOTATION. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2508-2511. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.255