Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 12; Issue 1 (March 2024)

Page No.: 8849-8854

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2023.267

Exploring the Intricacies of Pancreatic Duct Tributaries: Variations in Length, Angle of Entry, and Alternating Patterns in Human Cadavers by Dissection

Sutia Indra Nath 1, Baruah Anuradha 2, Deb Baruah Pritanu *3, Borah Ankita 4.

1 Associate Professor of Anatomy, Lakhimpur Medical College, Lakhimpur, Assam, India. ORCiD: 0000-0003-1408-3102

2 Professor Of Anatomy, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. ORCiD: 0000-0002-5119-9596  

*3 Assistant Professor Of Anatomy, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. ORCiD:  0009-0008-3106-2294

4 Medical & Health Officer-1, Tinisukia Civil Hospital, Tinisukia, Assam, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Pritanu Deb Baruah, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh, Assam-786002, India. E-Mail:– pritanu@gmail.com


Background: The pancreatic duct system plays a pivotal role in human physiology, facilitating the transport of digestive enzymes and secretions essential for gastrointestinal function. While anatomists have extensively investigated the pancreas’s ductal network, the intricacies of pancreatic duct tributaries, including variations in length, angle of entry, and alternating patterns, have continued to captivate scientific inquiry.

Aim: To find out the variations in length, angle of entry, and alternating patterns of pancreatic duct tributaries, and discuss the potential clinical implications of our discoveries.

Materials and Methods: This study, conducted on 50 human cadavers (comprising 35 perinates and 15 adults), aimed to comprehensively explore the complexities of pancreatic duct tributaries through meticulous dissection.

Results: Our research unveiled the following key findings: Variations in Length and Angle of Entry: We observed a remarkable diversity in the number and length of tributaries that join the main pancreatic duct. Additionally, the entry angle exhibited substantial variation, with right-angled tributaries prevalent in 70% of specimens and acute angles in 30%. Understanding these anatomical nuances is crucial for surgical procedures to mitigate inadvertent ductal injury. Alternating and Herringbone Patterns: In 98% of specimens, tributaries alternated between superior and inferior positions along the main pancreatic duct. This alternating pattern may influence the flow of pancreatic secretions and the pathogenesis of pancreatic diseases. In contrast, the rare Herringbone pattern was observed in only 2% of cases, highlighting the unique nature of this anatomical variant.

Conclusion: This study contributes valuable insights into the intricate world of pancreatic duct tributaries. By elucidating their anatomy and characteristics, we enhance the safety and efficacy of clinical interventions and expand our understanding of pancreatic physiology and pathology. Further research may delve into the functional implications of these anatomical variations, paving the way for advancements in pancreatic healthcare.

Keywords: Pancreatic Duct Tributaries, Anatomical Variations, Pancreatic Surgery, Pancreatic Physiology, Dissection, Herring Bone Pattern, Gastrointestinal Function.


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Cite this article: Sutia Indra Nath, Baruah Anuradha, Deb Baruah Pritanu, Borah Ankita. Exploring the Intricacies of Pancreatic Duct Tributaries: Variations in Length, Angle of Entry, and Alternating Patterns in Human Cadavers by Dissection. Int J Anat Res 2024;12(1):8849-8854. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2023.267