Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 11; Issue 2 (June2023)

Page No.: 8600-8609

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2023.103

Prostate Gland in Human Foetuses: A Study of its Histogenesis

Renuca Karam *1, Rajshree Huidrom 2, Subhalakshmi Wahengbam 3, Damayanti Ningthoujam 4, Saratchandra N 5.

*1 Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

2 Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

3 Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

4 Professor and Head, Dept. of Anatomy, Churachandpur Medical College, Manipur, India.

5 Professor and Head, Dept. of Anatomy, Shija Academy of Health Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Renuca Karam, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, (JNIMS), Porompat, Imphal-795005, Manipur, India. Mobile no. (+91) 8974054027 E-Mail: krenuca@gmail.com


Background: To study the histogenesis of the prostate gland in human foetuses. ‘Prostates’ is a Greek word which literally means “one who stands before”, protector, guardian. It is important from a clinical point of view as it undergoes benign enlargement from the fifth decade, hence attracting the attention of males around this age and simultaneously the clinicians.

Materials and Methods: 100 foetuses of different gestational ages ranging from 14 weeks (85 mm) to 40 weeks (440 mm), products of terminated pregnancies under Medical Termination of Pregnancy, MTP Act of India, 1971 and stillbirths were collected from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, RIMS, (Regional Institute of Medical Sciences), Imphal, Manipur and utilised for the present study with permission from the Institutional Ethical Committee.

Results and Discussion: The first sign of differentiation is recognised as increased cellularity and denser mesenchymal cells. Cytoarchitecture at specific age period at different age groups are described.

Conclusion: Cytoarchitecturally, differentiation of all three components of the prostate gland was noted as the age changes. It is inferred that of the three components of the adult tissues, the glandular component is differentiated from the epithelial lining of the urethra. This further induces the early mesenchymal tissues to differentiate into muscles and fibrous components. And at term, it has all three components of the adult tissues although it is not as mature as in adults.

 KEY WORDS: Prostate gland, human foetuses, histogenesis, and cytoarchitecture.


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Cite this article: Renuca Karam, Rajshree Huidrom, Subhalakshmi Wahengbam, Damayanti Ningthoujam, Saratchandra N. Prostate Gland in Human Foetuses: A Study of its Histogenesis. Int J Anat Res 2023;11(2):8600-8609. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2023.103