Type of Article:  Review

Volume 10; Issue 4 (December 2022)

Page No.: 8489-8495

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2022.234

Functional Anatomy of the Hamstring Muscle and Its Correlation with the Various Yogic Postures: A Narrative Review

Mrithunjay Rathore *1, Vijayakumari j 2, Garima Jaiswal 3, Shikha Mankotia 4.

1 Additional professor, Department of Anatomy, AIIMS Raipur, Chhattisgarh India.

2 Ph.D. Scholar (Yoga), Faculty of yoga sciences and therapy, Meenakshi academy of higher education and research, Chennai.

3 Assistant Professor, Amity University, AIISM, Noida (U.P)

4 Yoga therapist, Government college of yoga education and health, Chandigarh, Panjab university, India.

Corresponding Author:  Dr. Mrithunjay Rathore, Additional professor, Department of Anatomy, AIIMS Raipur, Chhattisgarh India. E-Mail: drmrithunjay77@gmail.com


Yoga is believed to be a safe practice; nonetheless, as the number of yoga practitioners has grown, so has the incidence of yoga-related injuries.  Overall, lower extremity injuries comprised 64% of total injuries; specifically, the hip, hamstring, knee, ankle, feet and toe. Although a few research studies have quantified the hamstring muscle activities in various yoga asanas, evidence correlating it to functional anatomy is scarce.  Therefore, the objective of this narrative review is to examine the literature and analyse hamstrings activity and its relationship to yogic postures, as well as yoga-related injuries, to establish which poses provide the most risk of damage, and to suggest injury-prevention techniques. The following electronic databases were used to conduct the literature search: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Web of Science. hamstring muscle injuries OR yoga and rehabilitation OR intervention AND electromyography was among the search phrases utilized. Such information is important for yoga teachers, yoga therapists to help selecting yoga posture for hamstring muscle imbalance condition and avoiding posture to prevent hamstring muscle injury.

Key words: Hamstring Muscle Activation and Injuries, Yoga Posture.


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Cite this article: Mrithunjay Rathore, Vijayakumari j, Garima Jaiswal, Shikha Mankotia. Functional Anatomy of the Hamstring Muscle and Its Correlation with the Various Yogic Postures: A Narrative Review. Int J Anat Res 2022;10(4):8489-8495. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2022.234