Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 10; Issue 3 (September 2022)

Page No.: 8457-8462

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2022.200

Morphological Variations of Lumbrical Muscles of Hand in Sri Lankan Cadavers

Lanka Ranaweera *1, Prabath Wijesooriya 2, Susantha Vithanage 3, Eranda Cabral 4.

*1 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

2 Colombo North Teaching Hospital, Ragama, Sri Lanka.

3 District General Hospital, Negombo, Sri Lanka.

4 Base Hospital, Dambadeniya, Sri Lanka.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Lanka Ranaweera, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Ragama, Sri Lanka. Telephone :  +94777585321 Fax : +94112958337  E-Mail: lanka@kln.ac.lk


Introduction: Lumbricals are the small, worm-like, intrinsic muscles responsible for performing the precision pinch movements of the hand. These are quite unique in their position owing to movable proximal and distal tendon attachments.

Purpose of the study: The aim of the study was to identify anomalies of lumbrical muscle present in the Sri Lankan people.  

Materials and Methods: A sample of 39 formalin preserved cadaveric human hands were subjected to the gross morphological study.

Results: It was encountered that 59% of the lumbricals were normal in proximal and distal attachments whereas the rest of the lumbicals (41%) indicated the morphological variations. Among the hands, unipennate third lumbrical was seen in 7.7% (Left-15.7%: Right 0%) and unipennate fourth lumbrical was seen in 5.1% (Left-10.5%: Right 0%). The bipennate second lumbrical was seen in 5.1% (Left 5.3%: Right 5.1%). The 10.3% of split insertion was encountered in third lumbricals (Left 10.5%: Right 10%) as well as in fourth lumbricals (Left 5.3%: Right 15%). The third lumbrical insertion on the medial side of the middle finger was seen in 2.5% (Left 5.3%: Right 0%).

Conclusion: The left hand is having more lumbrical variations than the right hand of the subjected human cadavers. The most common variation site is the insertion site. The variants are numerous in third and fourth lumbricals. The most common type of variation is the split insertion.

Key words: Lumbrical, Bipennate, Unipennate, Variations, Sri Lanka.   


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Cite this article: Lanka Ranaweera, Prabath Wijesooriya, Susantha Vithanage, Eranda Cabral. Morphological Variations of Lumbrical Muscles of Hand in Sri Lankan Cadavers. Int J Anat Res 2022;10(3):8457-8462. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2022.200