Type of Article:  Case Report

Volume 10; Issue 1 (March 2022)

Page No.: 8269-8274

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2021.203

Renal Hypoplasia: Case Literature Review

Manisha Nakhate 1, Varsha Bande *2, Manisha Mishra 3, Rajesh Kumar 4.

1 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

*2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

3 Assistant Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, D.Y. Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

4 Department of Anatomy, AIIMS New Delhi, India.

Corresponding author: Dr Varsha Pravin Bande, 1102, bldg. no 10, Clover, Everest World CHS, Dhokali Naka, Kolshet road, Thane west 400607, Maharashtra, India. E-Mail: drvarshanavgire@gmail.com   


Introduction: Congenital anomalies of kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) presents a broad range of disorders including abnormal renal parenchymal development, disrupted parenchymal development, abnormalities of lower urinary tract, urinary collecting system. The knowledge of these anomalies will help the clinicians and surgeons during the procedures of kidney. The purpose of this article is to present one of the cases of renal hypoplasia and the review that highlights renal hypoplasia cases.

Methodology: A vertical incision has been made in midline from xiphoid process to pubic symphysis encircling the umbilicus, another incision from pubic symphysis laterally up to the anterior superior iliac tubercle along the iliac crest to expose the abdominal cavity. Details of the position suprarenal gland and the upper poles of the kidneys and external appearance of kidneys in situ were noted. The arrangement of the attached structures such as the hilum with structures passing through, ureter, bladder, abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava were also noted and recorded.

Observation and Result: The size of the left kidney was found small in comparison to right kidney. Coronal section of left kidney also showed a smaller number of renal pyramids, major calyces and minor calyces.

Conclusion: The knowledge of anatomical variations of urinary system has a significant role for clinicians and surgeons for diagnosing diseases including congenital anomalies, radiological interpretations, procedures, surgical interventions and management of clinical conditions.

Key Words: Renal Hypoplasia, Congenital Anomalies Of Kidney And Ureter, Cadavers, Dissection.


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Cite this article: Manisha Nakhate, Varsha Bande, Manisha Mishra, Rajesh Kumar. Renal Hypoplasia: Case Literature Review. Int J Anat Res 2022;10(1):8269-8274. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2021.203