Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 10; Issue 1 (March 2022)

Page No.: 8206-8215

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2021.187

Radioanatomical Features of the Sphenoid Sinus in the Ivorian Population

Maman You Espérance BROALET *1, Dié Doweh Renaud 2, Djibril Ouattara 3, Jean-Baptiste Kéké 4, Mohamed Koné 5.

*1 Normal Anatomy and Health Simulation Laboratory, UFR-SM, Alassane Ouattara University Bouaké. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5102-0974

2 Normal Anatomy and Health Simulation Laboratory, UFR-SM, Alassane Ouattara University Bouaké / Côte d’Ivoire. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4717-1221

3 Laboratory of Normal Anatomy, Experimental Surgery and Biomechanics, UFRSM Abidjan, Félix Houphouët Boigny Universty/ Côte d’Ivoire. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8257-6377

4 Department of Neurosurgery, Bouaké University Hospital Center / Côte d’Ivoire. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8444-4236

5 Department of Neurosurgery, Yopougon University Hospital Center / Côte d’Ivoire. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2953-5335

Corresponding author : Maman You Espérance BROALET, Associate Professor and Head of the Normal Anatomy and Health Simulation laboratory, alassane Ouattara University, Côte d’Ivoire. Phone : +225 0707079041    E-Mail: broaletyou@yahoo.fr    


Background and purpose:  The sphenoid sinus is characterized by the frequency of anatomical variants that cause operative difficulties and complications during the transphenoidal approach. These variants involve the geographic factor and the type of skin phenotype. Most of the studies have been carried out on European, North African and Asian populations. Some studies have been found in sub-Saharan Africa but not  in Côte d’Ivoire. The aim was to determine, from CT data, the anatomical characteristics of the sphenoid sinus in the Ivorian population.

Methods: Cranioencephalic computed tomography images of 100 patients (80 men and 20 women aged 16 to 71) were used for the study. These were patients who presented with head trauma without injury to the base of the skull. Were studied the anatomical characteristics of the sphenoid sinus.

Results: The type of pneumatization was sellar in 58% sinuses, pre sellar in 41% and conchal in 1% of cases. The presellar type predominated in women (60%) and the sellar type in men (65.5%). Extensions were present in 66.34% of cases, more frequent in men (70%), in the sellar type (79.31%), and in the anterior clinoid process (46.20%). The procidence of vasculo-nervous structures was more frequent in men (52.62%) and in the sellar type (62.07%), the procidence of the internal carotid artery was bilateral in 30.69% of sinuses, that of the optic nerve was mainly unilateral left (07.92%) more frequent in women ( 10%) and in the sellaire type (09.43%). Dehiscence was present in 15% of cases. Dominance was straight in 63.64% of the sinuses. The Onodi cell was present in 65% of sinuses. The ostium was bilateral in (45%) of the sinuses.

Conclusion: The Ivorian sphenoid sinus is highly pneumatized, facilitating access to the surgeon; the sellar type is the most frequent. On the other hand, the frequency of procidence and dehiscence of vasculo-nervous elements increases the risk of surgical complications. Differences between genders and between types of pneumatization should be considered in sphenoid sinus procedures.

Key words: Sphenoid Sinus, Computed Tomography, Anatomic Variation, Ivorian.


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Cite this article: Maman You Espérance BROALET, Dié Doweh Renaud, Djibril Ouattara, Jean-Baptiste Kéké, Mohamed Koné. Radioanatomical Features of the Sphenoid Sinus in the Ivorian Population. Int J Anat Res 2022;10(1):8206-8215. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2021.187