Type of Article:  Case Report

Volume 9; Issue 4 (December 2021)

Page No.: 8179-8180

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2021.181

An Enlarged Right Jugular Foramen

Tsoucalas G *, Vasilopoulos A, Fiska A, Thomaidis V.

Anatomy Department, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Corresponding Author: Gregory Tsoucalas, Profiti Helia str 3, 38500 PC, Nees Pagases Volos, Greece. E-Mail: gregorytsoucalas@yahoo.gr        


Jugular foramina are two openings in the base of the skull. Difference in diameter between two sides is noted, while right sided foramen is usually mentioned as the larger one. Rare cases have been reported with an enlarged jugular foramen. We report such a case with a right jugular foramen of a diameter 24mmX13mm. Microsurgery in the near future may exploid cases with greater openings.

Key words: Base of the skull, Dry bone, Microsurgery.


[1]. Ayeni SA, Ohata K, Tanaka K, Hakuba A. The microsurgical anatomy of the jugular foramen. J Neurosurg 1995;83(5):903-909.
[2]. Freitas CAF, Santos LRMD, Santos AN, Amaral Neto ABD, Brandão LG. Anatomical study of jugular foramen in the neck. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2020;86(1):44-48.
[3]. Wysocki J, Reymond J, Skarzyński H, Wróbel B. The size of selected human skull foramina in relation to skull capacity. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006;65(4):301-308.
[4]. Hatiboglu MT, Antil A. Structural variations in the jugular foramen of the human skull. J Anat 1992;180:191-196.
[5]. Constanzo F, Gerhardt J, Ramina R. How I do it: retrosigmoid suprajugular approach to the jugular foramen. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2019;161(11):2271-2274.

Cite this article: Tsoucalas G, Vasilopoulos A, Fiska A, Thomaidis V. An Enlarged Right Jugular Foramen. Int J Anat Res 2021;9(4):8179-8180. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2021.181