Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 9; Issue 4 (December 2021)

Page No.: 8151-8155

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2021.172

Study on Morphometric Features of Coronal Suture Along with it Absence and Craniosynostosis

Khaleel N 1, Angadi A V 2, Muralidhar P S 3, Shabiya M 4, Chandrika C 5, Shaik Hussain Saheb *6.

1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

2 Professor and & HOD, Department of Anatomy, SSIMS & RC, Davanagere, Karnataka, India.

3 Associate Professor of Anatomy, GIMS, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India.

4 Associate Professor, Kasukurthi Health Care Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

5 Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Visveswarapura Institute of pharmaceutical Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

*6 Associate Professor of Anatomy, SSIMS & RC, Davanagere, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Shaik Hussain Saheb, Associate Professor of Anatomy, MAHE, Karnataka. India. Mobile – 9242056660  E-Mail: anatomyshs@gmail.com        


Background: Cranial sutures are syndesmosis between the cranial bones. The coronal suture is oblique in direction and extends between the frontal and the parietal bones. Craniosynostosis is a rare birth defect that occurs when the coronal suture in the skull fuses prematurely, but the brain continues to grow and develop. This leads to a misshapen head. There are a number of forms of this defect, such as coronal, sagittal, lambdoid, and metopic.

Materials and Methods: Total 500 skulls were used for study, coronal suture length measured by thread method, distance between Nasion to bregma and midsupraorbital rim to coronal suture were measured. For finding skull with absence of coronal, sagittal, lambdoid, and metopic suture, we examined many skulls during routine osteology classes of Medical, Dental and other medical sciences students. Around 500 skull observed and we find only one skull with absence of left coronal suture completely.

Results: The length of coronal suture was 24.8+1.4cm length, the distance between nasion to bregma was 126.7 +10.25 mm and Midsupraorbital rim to cranial suture was 102.76+8.64mm We have found only one skull with absence of coronal suture. Some of the skulls shows partly fusion of sagittal, coronal sutures. The skull with complete absence of coronal suture showing the features of other sutures clearly and right side of coronal suture is showing the complete suture. The skull was not damaged and it is in perfect condition which was using by students for their osteology study.

Conclusion:  We found the skull with absence of left coronal suture, which may resulted due to craniosynostosis. It may be due to hot climate in India also might be resulted for absence of suture.

Key words: Birth defect, Skull, Coronal suture, Craniosynostosis.


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Cite this article: Khaleel N, Angadi A V, Muralidhar P S, Shabiya M, Chandrika C, Shaik Hussain Saheb. Study on Morphometric Features of Coronal Suture Along with it Absence and Craniosynostosis. Int J Anat Res 2021;9(4):8151-8155. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2021.172