Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 3.3 (September 2020)

Page No.: 7722-7727

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2020.200


Geeta Anasuya. D *1, T. Jones Eben Raj 2 , Sheela Grace Jeevamani 3.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KMCH Institute of Health Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India

2 Tutor, Department of Anatomy, ACS Medical college and Hospital , Velapanchavadi, Chennai, India

3 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr Geeta Anasuya. D, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, KMCH Institute of Health Sciences & Research, Coimbatore- 641014 , Tamil Nadu, India. E-Mail: geetagee1@gmail.com


Background: Liver is the largest of the abdominal viscera occupying a substantial portion of abdominal cavity. Even though anatomical variations are rare, their knowledge is important for clinicians and radiologists. The present study was performed to evaluate the morphology of liver and its variations.

Methodology: This observational  study was conducted on 50 formalin fixed adult livers obtained from Department of anatomy, KFMSR, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu during the year 2016 and 2017 . Different morphological variations like variations in size of right and left lobes , accessory lobes and fissures, pons hepatis segmentis were observed and their photographs were taken.

Results: Out of 50 livers, accessory fissures were seen in 20 ( 40%) specimens, accessory liver lobes in 12 specimens (24 %), lingular process of right lobe in 7(14% ) specimens, lingular process of left lobe in 7 (14%) specimens, pons hepatis segmentis in 9 ( 18% ) specimens.

Conclusion:  Majority of variations were seen regarding accessory fissures on posterior and inferior surfaces. A thorough knowledge of these findings will be useful for physicians and they also provide enough information to avoid confusion for clinicians during surgical and radiological procedures.

Key words:  Variations of liver, Right lobe, Left lobe, Accessory fissures, Accessory lobes, Riedel’s lobe.


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Cite this article: Geeta Anasuya. D, T. Jones Eben Raj, Sheela Grace Jeevamani. THE QUEER VARIATIONS IN THE HUMAN LIVER AND RECENT INSIGHTS INTO THEIR CLINICAL IMPORTANCE. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(3.3):7722-7727. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2020.200