Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 3.2 (August 2020)

Page No.: 7680-7691

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2020.188


Shweta B Shambharkar *1, Shabana Borate 2, Amandeep Kaur Ratta 3, Suresh Gangane 4.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Gondia, Maharashtra, India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Grant Govt. Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

3 National Program Officer, Maternal Health, Norway India Partnership Initiative, IPE Global, New Delhi, India.

4 Ex Professor and Head, Dept of Anatomy, Grant Govt. Medical College, Mumbai, Professor and Head, Terna medical College, New Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr.Shweta B Shambharkar, Plot No.43/B, Dhadiwal Layout, Suyog Nagar Square, Post: Parwati Nagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra-440027, India. Phone: 9960810368 E-Mail: shambharkar.shweta4@gmail.com


The Kidneys are the most important organs responsible for removing excess water, salts and waste products from the blood and for maintenance of blood pH. Dimensions of kidney vary in a large interval from birth to adulthood. Changes in kidney length, parenchymal width (PW), cortex width (CW) or volume can be associated with atherosclerotic renal diseases, arterial hypertension, atherosclerotic renovascular disease, or diabetes mellitus or to be indicative of these. The renal dimensions can also be an indicator for unilateral glomerular filtration rate. The coronal section study of kidney provides good knowledge in cases of chronic renal diseases and renal transplantation. The purpose of this study was to determine the anatomical parameters of the kidney in adults. Weight, length, breadth, maximum anteroposterior thickness, cortical width, parenchymal widths were studied in 100 adult cadaveric kidneys. The data was statistically analysed. No statistical significance was seen with respect to the difference in right and left side. But the differences which are frequently seen i.e. length of left kidney greater than the right was also found in the present study, resulting in greater breadth and thickness on the right side. Males had slightly higher values than females, though not statistically significant. The mean values provided in the study could be of use to surgeons, radiologists and nephrologists.

Key words: Morphology, Kidney, Parenchymal, Cortical, Renal Transplantation.


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Cite this article: Shweta B Shambharkar, Shabana Borate, Amandeep Kaur Ratta, Suresh Gangane. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF KIDNEY IN CADAVERS OF WESTERN MAHARASHTRA REGION. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(3.2):7680-7691. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2020.188