Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 2.3 (June 2020)

Page No.: 7550-7556

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2020.156


Amrita Gupta *1, Anita 2, Subhash Gupta 3.

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Varunarjun Medical College and Research Hospital, Shahjahanpur, UP, India.

*2 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Bharatpur, Rajasthan, India.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Varunarjun Medical College and Research Hospital, Shahjahanpur, UP, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr Amrita Gupta, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Varunarjun Medical College  Research Hospital, Shahjahanpur, UP, India. Mobile no.: +917007423462 E-Mail: ag11677@gmail.com


Background: Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of epidermal ridges and their configuration on the palmar region of hand and fingers. Development of dermatoglyphic characteristics are under genetic control. This is apparent from the clear similarity in dermatoglyphics among related individuals. There are many diseases known to be caused by abnormal genes. Dermatoglyphic study carried out in Schizophrenia have been evaluated and critically examined.

Materials and methods: The present study included 100 patients of Schizophrenia attending out-patient and in-patient department of Psychiatry at SRMS- IMS Hospital, Bareilly. Similarly equal numbers of paramedical students were included as controls. Individuals with history/ family history of any illnesses were excluded from controls. Dermatoglyphic prints were taken by the modified Purvis method and subjected for detailed dermatoglyphic analysis.

Results: Significant dermatoglyphic findings were observed in Schizophrenics compared to control viz. loops are the predominant patterns and arches are the least found pattern, significant loops in right hand and arches in left hand in females, increased frequency of loop patterns in third and fourth interdigital area (I3, I4) in Schizophrenics as compared to controls. There is increase in atd angle and lower a-b ridge count, decreased total finger ridge count (TFRC) and absolute finger ridge count (AFRC) and abnormal palmar creases.

Conclusion: Significant findings of dermatoglyphic features were observed in Schizophrenics compared to control group. Dermatoglyphics provide a simple and economical means of assessing the diseases with strong hereditary basis and can be deployed as a screening method for Schizophrenia.

Key words:  Schizophrenia, Dermatoglyphics, Arches, Loops, Whorls.


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Cite this article: Amrita Gupta, Anita, Subhash Gupta. STUDY OF PALMAR DERMATOGLYPHICS IN SCHIZOPHRENIA. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(2.3):7550-7556. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2020.156