Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 2.1 (April 2020)

Page No.: 7450-7453

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2020.131


Sangeeta S Patil 1, Archana N Kotli *2.

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India.

*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi, Karnataka, India.

Address for Correspondance: Dr. Archana. N. Kotli, Assistant Professor, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi, Ph: 7204763456, 9900537779. E-Mail: drarchanahatti@gmail.com


Background: The Talus is one of the important Tarsal bones. It carries the entire body weight and acts as a connecting link between the leg and the foot. Talus transmits weight from tibia to calcaneus. It’s a peculiar bone because major part of it is covered by articular cartilage and it is devoid of any muscle attachments. Since it transmits large amount of weight many ligaments are attached to it. Various authors have studied on calcaneal articular facets of Talus and classified Talus based on it, very less data is available from North Karnataka region. Hence, the present study was carried out.

Materials and Methods: The present study was under taken on 200 dry adult human tali out of them 94 were right sided and 106 were left sided, obtained from bone library of Department of Anatomy, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College, Kalaburgi and first year MBBS students of 2019- 2020 batch and were of unknown sex. The talus were looked for the number and type of calcaneal facets on its inferior surface and data recorded.

Results: Total of 200 tali (94 right sided and 106 left sided) of unknown sex were studied. Type II was the most common in occurrence in this region, total of 148 (74%) were Type II, 69(73.40%) rt and 79(74.52%) lt, then was Type I – 41 (20.5%), 20 (21.27 %) rt, 21(19.8%) lt. Type IV- 7(3.5%), 03 (3.19%) rt, 04 (3.7%) on lt, Type III – 03 (1.5%), 01 (1.06) rt, 02 (1.88) , the least in occurrence was Type V- 01 (0.53%), 01(1.06%) rt, nil on lt side.

Conclusion: The tali can be classified on the basis of presence of number of calcaneal facets, which determines the stability. The most common type is Type II, even in this region as in many other part of India.

Key words: Calcaneal facets, Tali, articular facets, subtalar joint.


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Cite this article: Sangeeta S Patil, Archana N Kotli. VARIATIONS OF CALCANEAL FACETS ON TALUS IN NORTH KARNATAKA REGION. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(2.1):7450-7453. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2020.131