Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 2.1 (April 2020)

Page No.: 7445-7449

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2020.130


Kanika Sachdeva *1, Rajan K Singla 2, Gurdeep Kalsey 3.

*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, SGRDIMSAR, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

2 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.

3 Retired Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr Kanika Sachdeva, Chander Niwas, 61, Lawrence Road, Amritsar-143001, Punjab, India. +91-9888284878 E-Mail: kanikadr.sarang@yahoo.com


Background: Hip bone is the most sexually dimorphic bone in adult human skeleton, which provides sufficient evidence for sex determination even if fragmentary remains are available, and thus it is of great use both for medico-legal and archaeological purposes. Recent improved researches on metric assessment of various parameters of hip bone are an effort to decrease ambiguity in assessment methods. Present study aims to determine the sexual dimorphism in the morphometric parameters of ischial component of dry hip bone.

Material and Methods: Present study was conducted on 100 undamaged hip bones, of known sex and unknown age (M:F=80:20, R:L= 50:50) procured from the Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Amritsar. The various dimensions measured were (1) Height of Ischium, (2) Length of Ischium upto the farthest point on acetabular rim, (3) Lower Spinal Height, (4) Front Spinal Height. The observations were statistically evaluated to find out sex & side related differences.

Results: All these parameters were significantly longer in males as compared to females. Also these were more on right side in both sexes but the difference was statistically insignificant.

Conclusions: The results of the present study can be used for sex determination from the fragmentary remains of hip bone. The study also advocates a need for more studies of similar parameters for other regional populations to build up larger databases due to paucity of comparative data.

Key words: Ischium, Hip Bone, Sex Determination, Sexual Dimorphism, Forensic.


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Cite this article: Kanika Sachdeva, Rajan K Singla, Gurdeep Kalsey. NEWER DIMENSIONS IN SEX DIFFERENCES OF ISCHIAL PARAMETERS OF HUMAN HIP BONE- A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY IN NORTH INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(2.1):7445-7449. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2020.130