Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 8; Issue 1.1 (January 2020)

Page No.: 7221-7225

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.343


Neeta Chhabra.

Associate Professor, Department Of Anatomy, GS Medical College and Hospital, NH-24, Near Railway Station, Pilkhuwa, Hapur, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr Neeta Chhabra, Associate Professor, Department Of Anatomy, Gs Medical College And Hospital, Nh-24, Near Railway Station, Pilkhuwa, Hapur -245304, India. Mobile: 9811113296 E-Mail: neetachhabra86@gmail.com


Introduction: As per standard text, the anteroposterior topographical arrangement of renal hilar structures are: vein-artery-renal pelvis. However, hilar variations are very common. Aim: The present study intends to increase awareness of possible variations in the hilar anatomy as they are of immense importance in invasive renal interventions.

Materials and methods: A careful dissection of 51 embalmed cadaveric kidneys was carried out for the proper visualization of renal hilar structures and their relations were clearly defined.

Observations and Results: Enormous renal hilar variation was observed. We classified these renal variations in 8 different patterns. Normal hilar arrangement was seen in 25.5% kidneys and in 74.5% cases this arrangement is disturbed. 43.1% kidneys demonstrated presence of retropelvic structures. Anterior and posterior tributaries of renal vein were displayed in 9.8% of cases

Conclusion: Knowledge of the pattern of renal hilar structures is of great importance in the interventional radiological & laparoscopic renal surgeries thereby reducing the risk of vascular complications.

Key words: Hilum, Kidneys, Arrangement, Variation, Anatomy.


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Cite this article: Neeta Chhabra. ANATOMICAL AND EMBRYOLOGICAL STUDY OF RENAL HILUM. Int J Anat Res 2020;8(1.1):7221-7225. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.343