Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 4.2 (November 2019)

Page No.: 7086-7091

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.310


Rajni Thakur *1, Anjana Tiwari 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pt.J.N.M.Medical College, Raipur, (C.G.), India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of P.S.M, Chandulal Chandrakar Medical College, Durg, (C.G.), India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Rajni Thakur, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pt.J.N.M.Medical College, Raipur, (C.G.), India. Mobile No.: 9424203190.   E-Mail: dr.tistathakur2004@gmail.com


Background: The DCT is lined with simple cuboidal cells that are shorter than those of the proximal convoluted tubule (PCT). The lumen appears larger in DCT, the histological changes DCT in kidney after death have been studied in various land animals and sea marine animals but yet very few studies with same view which may provide keen and fruitful results for human distal convoluted tubule in kidney have been done. It will be helpful for estimation of time after death.

Aim: To determine the time since death by histological changes in Distal convoluted tubule.

Materials and Methods: 50 Human kidneys samples at different time intervals between 4hrs to 52.30 hr, temperature between17.3/22.3-31.3/450C, humidity between 11/36 to 75/95, were of different age and sex obtained as and when available from cadavers with a known time of death where death had resulted from natural death, suffocation and trauma, dead individual health and not suffering from disease affecting kidney.

Result: Increase the rate of postmortem histological changes in DCT was found to be increased with rise in the temperature and duration. In Distal convoluted tubules lumens were found swelling of epithelial cells. Retraction of epithelium from the basement membrane and its disruption with individualization of cells, nuclear pyknosis, karyolysis and loss of tubular architecture with debris in the lumen were observed.

Conclusion: In this current research, sequence of postmortem histological changes in DCT was studied. These criteria’s presented in this study could be used to determine the time after death.

Key words: Retraction, Debris, Duration, DCT, Pyknosis, Humidity.


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Cite this article: Rajni Thakur, Anjana Tiwari. DETERMINATION OF THE TIME SINCE DEATH BY HISTOLOGICAL CHANGES IN DISTAL CONVOLUTED TUBULE IN HUMAN KIDNEYS. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(4.2):7086-7091. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.310