Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 4.2 (November 2019)

Page No.: 7060-7065

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.305


Oluwaseyi Oyerinde *1, Clare Lamb 2.

*1 Lecturer, Department of Biology, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo, Nigeria.

2 Lecturer, Department of Anatomy, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom.

Corresponding Author:    Oluwaseyi Oyerinde, Biology Department, Federal College of Education (Special), P.M.B. 1089, Oyo, Oyo State, +23408038001311. E-Mail: seyioyerinde@yahoo.co.uk


Introduction: Studying the possible variations of the profunda femoris artery and its circumflex femoral branches will guide surgeons and other health professionals during surgical and radiological procedures.

Methods: The study investigated variations in the vascular patterns of origin of the profunda femoris artery, the medial circumflex femoral and the lateral circumflex femoral artery in 20 (7 males and 13 females) Thiel embalmed cadavers of the Centre for Anatomy and Human Identification (CAHID), University of Dundee, Dundee United Kingdom. Distances were measured between the origin of the PFA and midpoint of the inguinal ligament, between the origins of the MCFA and PFA and from the origin of LCFA to the origin of PFA. The data were analysed with IBM SPSS.

Results: The PFA originated mostly from posterolateral aspect of the FA and the PFA was found to also originate from anteromedial side of the FA. The medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries originated from the PFA with incidences of 47.5% and 87.5% respectively, both originated separately as a common origin with PFA and from the femoral artery.

Conclusion: Variation research can potentially reduce complications that may arise from ignorance of the ramifications in the vascular patterns. An awareness of PFA variations will help to carry out radiological interventions, to define vascular patterns, helps during orthopaedic procedures in the femoral region such as hip replacement and is also a basic requirement during femoral artery puncture to minimise cases of severe secondary bleeding.

Key words: Profunda femoris artery. Circumflex femoral branches, Thiel.


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Cite this article: Oluwaseyi Oyerinde, Clare Lamb. STUDY OF VARIATIONS IN PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY AND ITS CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL BRANCHES IN THIEL EMBALMED CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(4.2):7060-7065. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.305