Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 4.1 (October 2019)

Page No.: 7051-7055

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.304


Azhagiri R *1, M. Anitha 2, Hemapriya J 3.

*1 Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy, ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR, KK Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600078 Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, India.

2 Lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College & Research Institute, Ammapettai, Tamil Nadu 603108, India.

3 Tutor, Department of Anatomy, ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR, KK Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600078 Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Azhagiri R, Assistant Professor Department of Anatomy, ESIC Medical College & PGIMSR, KK Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600078 Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, India. E-Mail: drazhagirir@gmail.com


Background: The present study aims to find out age and gender prevalence of different anatomical positions of appendix in acute appendicitis in a tertiary care hospital in chennai. Appendix may be placed in different positions, but the base of appendix is connected to the cecum. Based on the variations in the positions, appendix is classified into six types: retrocecal, pelvic, subcecal, paraileal, retroileal and subhepatic.

Materials and methods: This study was done over a period of 1 year from June 2018 to June 2019 in 75 patients. Anatomical location of appendix was studied in acute appendicitis in different age groups and gender populations.

Result: This study was conducted on 75 cases consisting of 40 (53%) males and 35(47%) females. Males were more in number than females. Clinically diagnosed acute appendicitis cases were subjected to CT abdomen. Anatomical locations of the appendix were as follows: Retrocecal position was most commonly seen in 32 individuals (43%), Pelvic in 25 individuals (33%), Subcecal in 10 individuals (13%), Postileal in 6 individuals (8%) and preileal in 2 individuals (3%). The incidence was more common in the age group of 31 to 40 years(33%).

Conclusion: Retrocecal position is the most common location in our patients. CT is a good diagnostic indicator for acute appendicitis. As appendix is the most variable organ in the abdomen these findings are helpful for surgeon to operate during appendicitis.

KEY WORDS: Appendix, Acute Appendicitis, Ct Scan, Variable Organ.


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Cite this article: Azhagiri R, M. Anitha, Hemapriya J. PREVALENCE OF ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF THE POSITION OF APPENDIX IN ACUTE APPENDICITIS BY CT SCAN. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(4.1):7051-7055. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.304