Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 3.1 (July 2019)

Page No.: 6732-6739

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.211


Samhitha G 1, Geethanjali.B.S 2, Varsha Mokhasi 3, Ram Prakash 4, Swapnali shamkuwar 5, Mohan Kumar. H 6.

1 Intern medical officer, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

2 Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, East point college of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

3 Professor and HOD, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

4 Professor and HOD, Department of Radiology, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

5 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

6 Professor, Department Of Ophthalmology, Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College & Research Centre,  Kolar, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding Author:  Dr. Geethanjali.B.S, Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, East point college of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Phone: 9739444178 E-Mail: geethamohan76@gmail.com


Introduction: The sinonasal region is often imaged because of infectious and allergic diseases of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Improved knowledge of normal pneumatization and development of paranasal sinuses is important to allow sinus diseases to be evaluated and an adequate treatment to be proposed.

Materials and methods: 100 patients (72 males and 28 females) undergoing coronal and axial sections of computed tomography scan of maxillary sinus of head and neck aged between  1year to 90 years at the Radiology Department, Vydehi Institute of Medical Science & Research Centre Bangalore for reasons other than due to craniofacial abnormalities or sinus problem were taken for the study. Volume and dimensions of the maxillary sinuses with its anatomical variations were obtained. Mean, SD, significant difference between age & gender was calculated.

Results: Maxillary sinuses in Males on both sides have higher values in mean height, depth and volume than females except right side width which was lesser in value than females. All the mean parameters were more on left sinus both in male and females, except mean height of right sinus in males, on side comparison all the mean parameters were more on right side in females. There is a significant difference in mean height of right and left maxillary sinus in between male and female. There is a significant difference on right and left side width between male and female in the age group 51-60 yrs and 61-70 yrs. The maximum age growth in males was during 11-20 yrs and 41-50 yrs in height, width and volume, in 21-30 yrs and 31-40 yrs in depth, later dimensions were decreasing in growth by 61-70 yrs in height and 81-90 yrs both in depth, width and volume. In females maximum growth was in 21-30 yrs and 51-70 yrs for height, depth, volume, 11-20yrs and 51-60 yrs for width dimensions, later decreases by 61-70 yrs onwards in height, width and 11-20 yrs in depth and volume.

Conclusion: These results will be helpful in understanding normal and pathological conditions of the maxillary sinuses and useful in clinical planning of medical or surgical interventions of the maxillary sinuses

KEY WORDS: Maxillary sinus, Computed tomography (CT), Pneumatization, Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS), Growth, Pneumatisation, Sinusitis.


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Cite this article: Samhitha G, Geethanjali.B.S, Varsha Mokhasi, Ram Prakash, Swapnali shamkuwar, Mohan Kumar. H. MEASUREMENTS OF MAXILLARY SINUS IN CORRELATION TO AGE AND GENDER BY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(3.1):6732-6739. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.211