Type of Article:  Case Report

Volume 7; Issue 2.2 (May 2019)

Page No.: 6561-6564

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.167


Eleni Panagouli 1, Gregory Tsoucalas *2, Anastasios Vasilopoulos 2, Lolis Evangellos 1, Dionysios Venieratos 1, Vasilios Thomaidis 2.

1 Department of Anatomy, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

*2 Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Corresponding author: Gregory Tsoucalas, 6th Kl Alexandroupolis-Makris, 68100 PC, tel: 2551030912, email: gregorytsoucalas@yahoo.gr


Background: The diversity of the human body structure which results to a great variety of vascular branching, seems to be endless. The vascular variations of the renal arteries are among the most frequent discovered ones. We present such a case, found during an educational cadaveric dissection.

Results: Vascular branching alternations from the norm were observed in both kidneys of the case report. A bilateral presence of additional arteries, a polar one in the right side and a hilar one in the left side, with a double renal vein in the left side were observed.

Conclusions: Anatomy of the renal vessels usually is depicted with a plethora of variants.  Clinicians should be aware that the renal topographical anatomy  presents such difficulties, in order for complications to be avoided during various procedures.

Key words: Anatomy, Polar Artery, Hilar Artery, Double Renal Veins.


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Cite this article: Eleni Panagouli, Gregory Tsoucalas, Anastasios Vasilopoulos, Lolis Evangellos, Dionysios Venieratos, Vasilios Thomaidis. VASCULAR VARIATIONS OF THE KIDNEYS: CASE REPORT AND MINI REVIEW. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.2):6561-6564. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.167