Type of Article:  Case Report

Volume 7; Issue 2.2 (May 2019)

Page No.: 6527-6530

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.158


Mohd Arshad 1, Fateh Mohammad *2, Rajesh Kumar 3, Kamil Khan 4, Md Tabrej Alam 5.

1,3,4,5 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Glocal Medical College, Super Specialty Hospital & Research Center, Saharanpur, U.P., India.

*2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Hind Medical Sciences, Sitapur, U.P., India.

Address For Correspondence:  Dr. Fateh Mohammad, Associate Professor. Department Of Anatomy, Glocal Medical College, Super Specialty Hospital & Research Center, Saharanpur, U.P., India. E-Mail: f.mohd98@gmail.com


Background: Variations of the arteries, nerves and muscles of the upper limb have both clinical and surgical importance. The superficial brachial artery origination from the third part of the axillary artery, communications between the musculocutaneous and median nerves, variant formation of the brachial plexus, origination of the Profunda brachii artery from the posterior circumflex humeral artery have been well documented. We describe here the other variations in the upper limbs of a male cadaver.

Case Report: During our routine dissection studies on a 50year old male cadaver we encountered variations in Right upper limb.

Observations: In this case we observed the axillary artery    gives two terminal branches the first was the superficial brachial artery and the second was a common trunk for the sub scapular,

brachial, posterior circumflex humeral and anterior circumflex humeral arteries. Superficial brachial artery give Radial and Ulnar arteries. Variant formations of the brachial plexus i.e., medial root of median nerve originate from both lateral and medial cord.

Conclusion: We think that such variations should be kept in mind during surgical and diagnostic procedures. Variation in the brachial plexus medial root of median nerve originate from both lateral and medial cord might be of significance in diagnostic clinical neurophysiology.

Key words: Superficial Brachial Artery, Deep Brachial Artery, Axillary Artery, Median Nerve, Profunda Brachii Artery.


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Cite this article: Mohd Arshad, Fateh Mohammad, Rajesh Kumar, Kamil Khan, Md Tabrej Alam. ARTERIAL AND NEURAL VARIATIONS IN THE RIGHT UPPER LIMB: A CASE REPORT. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.2):6527-6530. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.158