Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 2.2 (May 2019)

Page No.: 6504-6508

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.152


Prateek Shrivastava 1, Ankit Jain *2.

1 Resident, Department of Anatomy, Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College, Indore (M.P.), India.

*2 Assistant professor, Department of Anatomy, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa  (M.P.), India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Ankit Jain, Assistant professor, Department of Anatomy, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa  (M.P.), India. E-Mail: pshrivastava015@gmail.com


Background: Breast cancer is very common among females these days, it’s occurrence has a strong genetic basis which has been already established. Palmar patterns also develop under genetic control during early development almost at the same period when the mammary buds develop in intrauterine life. And they do not get altered significantly after that, and thus remains almost constant during rest of the life. So these patterns may be assessed as a non-invasive anatomical marker to find the risk of developing breast cancer later in life.

Methodology: In this study assessment of the palmar patterns of both hands of 109 female breast cancer patients were taken and compared with the patterns of 109 age matched normal healthy females. The Patterns were obtained by Ink method in an A4 size white paper. Palmar ridge count (a-b ridge count), palmar angles ( atd angle and adt angle) of both the groups was measured and analysed.

Results: On statistical analysis it was observed that mean a-b ridge count of  right and left hands of cases were significantly lower when compared with the mean a-b ridge count of right and left hands of the normal healthy females respectively in Madhya Pradesh.

Conclusion: The palmar ridge counts are significantly associated with  breast cancer and  in a highly populated  country like India with limited medical resources, it may be employed as an inexpensive and effective tool for screening the high-risk population for breast cancer.

Key words: Palmar Pattern, Breast Cancer, a-b Ridge Count, atd angle, adt angle.


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Cite this article: Prateek Shrivastava, Ankit Jain. STUDY OF PALMAR PATTERNS IN CARCINOMA BREAST PATIENTS OF CENTRAL INDIA. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.2):6504-6508. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.152