Type of Article:  Original

Volume 7; Issue 2.1 (April 2019)

Page No.: 6450-6455

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.141


Joshua Tetteh 1, Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo *2, Nancy Darkoa Darko 3, Thomas Diby 4.

1 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

*2 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana,

3 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

4 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo (PhD), Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Tel: +233 208 126 817,
E-Mail: knustsmsanat@gmail.com


The human placenta is considered as a mirror image of the neonate. The placenta provides an indirect link between the maternal circulation and that of the foetus and serves as the organ for exchange of materials through the process of diffusion. In evaluating the relationship between placental indices and neonatal outcome, a total of 236 placentae were obtained from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Hospital in Kumasi for this study.  Placental indices measured were the placental weight, diameter and thickness whereas those of the neonates were Neonatal weight, head circumference and length. Mean placental indices for weight, diameter and thickness were 578.81 g, 17.40 cm and 2.04 cm respectively.  The mean neonatal indices were 3.24 kg, 34.27 cm and 50.64 cm for weight, head circumference and length respectively.  Neonatal weight correlated significantly with placental weight, neonatal length and neonatal head circumference. The strong correlation between neonatal weight and placental weight as well as placental volume suggests that the healthy development of the foetus depends on a healthy placenta. This study further affirms that the placenta should be critically examined in order to effectively monitor and manage adverse neonatal outcome.

KEY WORDS: Placenta, Neonate, weight, diameter, Indices.


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Cite this article: Joshua Tetteh, Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo, Nancy Darkoa Darko, Thomas Diby. GROSS MORPHOMETRIC ASSESSMENT OF THE HUMAN PLACENTA WITH REFERENCE TO NEONATAL INDICES. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.1):6450-6455. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.141