Type of Article:  Original

Volume 7; Issue 2.1 (April 2019)

Page No.: 6416-6419

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.131


Ali Yasen Yasen MohamedAhmed *1 , Alaa A. Salih 2, Mohamed A. A. Adam 2, Salma Saeed Sulaiman Mohammed 1, Mohamed Elghazali Ahmed Basheer Elhasan 1, Mohamed Ahmed Abdalla 3.

1 Sudan Medical Specialization Board, Sudan.

2 6th Year Medical Student, University of Khartoum Faculty of Medicine, Sudan.

3 Department of Anatomy, University of Khartoum Faculty of Medicine, Sudan.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Ali Yasen Yasen MohamedAhmed,MBBS,MSc,MD,MRCS. P.O. Box 102, Alqasr Avenue, Khartoum 11111, Sudan. E-Mail: dr.aliyasen1@gmail.com


Background: Anatomic variations of cystic ducts are common and continuously encountered during Surgical and radiological interventions. Failure to identify these clinically important variations may result in complications during surgical or endoscopic procedures.

Patients and methods: This is an observational descriptive cross-sectional study. 65 cadavers in the dissecting rooms of the medical colleges, in which the length and mode of insertion of cystic duct (CD) into common bile duct (CBD) were observed.

Results: The mean length of the CD in the cadavers examined was (2.06 ± 1.03) with a minimum length of ≤ 0.5 cm and a maximum of 5 cm. Regarding the mode of insertion of CD into the CBD; 53.8% were found to have a low junction between the CD and common hepatic duct (CHD) which is considered the normal insertion. 46.2% found to be abnormal variations of insertion; short CD (≤0.5 cm) observed in 10.8%; whereas in 13.8% of cadavers we found that the CD is adherent to the CHD and runs in parallel to it. In 7.8% there was a high junction between the CD and CBD and in 9.2% we found that CD courses anterior or posterior to CBD and joins it medially.

Conclusion: CD variations are not uncommon and it is important to identify these anatomical variations. A detailed knowledge of the extra hepatic biliary tract, as well as of its variations, is important for the diagnostic and therapeutic success in many clinical situations since they allow the surgeon prompt identification of certain pathologies, making surgical procedures more accurate and affective.

KEY WORDS: Cystic Duct, Common Bile Duct, Common Hepatic Duct, Anatomical Variations.


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Cite this article: Ali Yasen Yasen MohamedAhmed, Alaa A. Salih, Mohamed A. A. Adam, Salma Saeed Sulaiman Mohammed, Mohamed Elghazali Ahmed Basheer Elhasan, Mohamed Ahmed Abdalla. ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS OF THE CYSTIC DUCT AND THEIR SURGICAL IMPLICATIONS IN SUDANESE POPULATION: A CADAVERIC STUDY. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.1):6416-6419. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.131