Type of Article:  Original

Volume 7; Issue 1.2 (February 2019)

Page No.: 6138-6143

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.422


Sarita Behera 1, Ravindra Kumar Chowdhury *2, Mamata Sar 3.

1,3 Department of Anatomy, V.S.S.Institute of Medical Science & Research, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha, India.

*2 Ophthalmology, V.S.S.Institute of Medical Science & Research, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr Ravindra Kumar Chowdhury, Assistant professor,Department of Ophthalmology, V.S.S.Institute of Medical Science & Research, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha, India. E-Mail: ravindrachowdhury@gmail.com


Aim: This study aims at studying different congenital ocular and its adnexal anomalies over a period of two years in a tertiary care hospital and their association with embryological development.

Materials and Methods: 75 eyes of 60 patients having congenital ocular anomalies as diagnosed by ophthalmologists from June 2015 to June 2017 were  included in the study. The demographic profile, perinatal history, associated systemic diseases were studied. The embryological development of all the anomalies has been discussed in details.

Results: Out of 60 patients, 35 (58.3%) were male and 25 (41.7%) were  female. Bilateral involvement was seen `in 14(23.3%). Nasolacrimal duct anomalies were found to be the most common (33.3%) followed by congenital cataract(29.3%),coloboma of uveal tract(20.0%), microphthalmous (4.0%), anophthalmous (4.0%), persistent pupillary membrane (2.7%), congenital glaucoma(1.3%), congenital ptosis(1.3%), Heterochromia iridis (1.3%), coloboma of lids (2.7%) of total eyes. History of consanguinity was present in 13.13% and a history of maternal infection during the antenatal period was found in 8.3%. Systemic involvement  was seen in 6.06%.

Conclusion: Proper knowledge of the developmental pathogenesis of congenital ocular anomalies is highly important for correct diagnosis and early intervention. Preventive measures can be applied if history is taken properly during evaluation of the patients.

Key words: Congenital ocular anomaly, Congenital cataract, Nasolacrimal duct anomaly.


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Cite this article: Sarita Behera, Ravindra Kumar Chowdhury, Mamata Sar. A CLINICO-EMBRYOLOGICAL STUDY OF CONGENITAL OCULAR AND ITS ADNEXAL ANOMALIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(1.2):6138-6143. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.422