Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 1.1 (January 2019)

Page No.: 6119-6122

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.418


Bhavin B. Kodiyatar 1, Shital Bhishma Hathila *2, Maitreyee Mangesh Kulkarni 3,  Shilpa K Patel 4.

1 Assistant Professor, Anatomy Department, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

*2 Assistant Professor, Anatomy Department, Medical College Baroda, Gujarat,, India.

3 M.Sc Medical Anatomy Part-2, Medical College Baroda, Gujarat, India.

4 Assistant Professor, Anatomy Department, Medical College Baroda, Gujarat, India.

Corresponding Author:  Dr.Shital.Bhishma.Hathila, A-13,Darshanam Villa-2, Near Sapphire School, Near Savita Hospital, Parivar Cross Road, Waghodia Road, Baroda, Gujarat-390025, India. Mobile: 9825121336 E-Mail: bhishushital@gmail.com


Background: Vertebral artery radically contributes to the blood supply of brain. Any variation in its form will significantly alter the circulation dynamics in the brain leading to fatal consequences. The aim of the study was to measure the diameter of the intracranial part of vertebral artery on both right and left sides.

Materials and method: The study was conducted in Anatomy Department on 30 brains from the cadavers donated to the Medical College Baroda. The diameter of the artery was measured bilaterally with digital vernier caliper and results were statistically analyzed. The data is presented as mean+ SD. Students’ t test has been applied and observation with P<0.05 is considered significant.

Result: The current study observed the mean diameter (mm) on the left side to be greater than on the right. One of arteries on the left side was also found to be hypoplastic.

Conclusion: The results will have wider implications on medical field as any variation in structure of the vertebral artery will compromise the blood flow to the brain. The study will be useful to neurologists, neurosurgeons, radiologists and anatomists alike.

Key words: Vertebral artery, Intracranial, Diameter, Hypoplastic.


    1. Rawal Jitendra D, Jadav Hrishikesh R. Anatomical Study Of Variation Of Vertebral Artery Entering The Foramen Transversarium Of Cervical Vertebrae. National Journal Of Medical Research. 2012; 2(2):199-201.
    1. Geetharani BG, Shashirekha M, Betty Anna Jose, Aga Ammar Murthuza. Morphological Study Of The Vertebral Arteries In Adult Human Cadavers. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(2):2381-2385.
    1. Shankar VV, Radhika PM, Sheshgiri C. Anomalous origin of left vertebral artery. Int J Health Allied Sci 2013;2:216-8.
    1. Preeti Sonje, Vasanti Arole, Rieshav Anand. Study of variations in the origin and course of vertebral artery. Int J Cur Res Rev 2015;7(14):85-90.
    1. Vishram Singh. Textbook of Anatomy. Head, neck And Brain : Elsevier 2014.
    1. Cunningham DJ, Romanes GJ. Cunningham’s Manual Of Practical Anatomy. Head and neck and Brain : Oxford University Press; 1971.
    1. Chuang YM, Chan L, Wu HM, Lee SP, Chu YT. The clinical relevance of vertebral artery hypoplasia. Acta Neurol Taiwan. 2012 Mar;21(1):1-7.
    1. Dutta AK, Essentials Of Human Anatomy. Head and Neck : Current Books International; 2009.
    1. Akar ZC, Dujovny M, Slavin KV, Gomez-Tortosa E, Ausman JI. Microsurgical anatomy of the intracranial part of the vertebral artery. Neurological research. 1994 Jun;16(3):171-80.
    1. Julius Ogeng’o, Beda Olabu, Rankeet Sinkeet,Nafula M.Ogeng’o, Hemedi Elbusaid. Vertebral Artery Hypoplasia in a Black Kenyan Population. International Scholarly Research Notices. 2014; 2014: 1-5.
    1. Aristeidis H Katsanosa, Maria Kosmidoub, Sotirios Giannopoulosa. Is the smaller of paired arteries more vulnerable to occlusion? Vertebral Artery Hypoplasia. Νeurology 2014; 21(4): 46-48
    1. Jong-Ho Park, Jeong-Min Kim, Jae-Kyu Roh. Hypoplastic vertebral artery: frequency and associations with ischaemic stroke territory. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2007;78:954–958.
    1. Sarah SS, Jyoti C, Anita R, et al. Multiple variations in vertebrobasilar system: A cadaveric study. Int J Anat Var. 2017;10(4): 112-114.
    1. Standring S, Gray’s Anatomy: The anatomical basis of clinical practice. elsevier, churchil livingstone, Edingerg; 2016
  1. Campos D. Hypoplasia of the vertebral artery in human – a case report. J. Morphol. Sci. 2015; 32(3):206-208.

Cite this article: Bhavin B. Kodiyatar, Shital Bhishma Hathila, Maitreyee Mangesh Kulkarni, Shilpa K Patel. A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE INTRACRANIAL VERTEBRAL ARTERY IN HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(1.1):6119-6122. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.418