Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 1.1 (January 2019)

Page No.: 6108-6112

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.416


Sobana M 1, Nedunchezhiyan S *2.

*1 Associate Professor of Anatomy, Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India.

2 Assistant Professor of Anatomy, K.A.P.V.Govt Medical College,Trichy, Tamilnadu, India.

Address for correspondence: Dr.S.Nedunchezhiyan, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, KAPV Government Medical College, Collector office road, Trichy-620001, Tamilnadu, India. Mobile – 9994338127, E-Mail: snc.nice@gmail.com


Background: The constitutional built and physique of Indians is entirely different from the western population due to the variation in the genetic makeup and lifestyle. But the prosthesis for proximal femur used in India is manufactured by the western countries whose morphometry does not fit our people leading to complications. Hence, this study is to provide the morphometric data of proximal femur for Indian population and to clear the drawbacks in the information about proximal femur in our people and customize the implant design to suit the Indian people and thereby reduce the complications.

Materials and Methods: The study material consisted of 60 dry femora obtained from the Institute of Anatomy and the parameters studied according to standard anthropometrical methods with appropriate instruments.

Results: In the present study, the average length of the femur was 41.4cm, diameter of head was 4.17cm, anterior neck length being 3.42cm, Neck- shaft angle was 129.90and the inter-trochanteric distance 6.13cm.

Conclusion: This study showed that our values were comparatively smaller than the western people and varied with regional ethnicity. This study will encourage our biomechanical engineers to bring in a revolution in the designing and manufacturing of implants with correct morphometric data to befit our Indian population and lead to improved surgical outcome with  minimal surgical complications.

Key words: Proximal femur, Neck shaft angle, Inter-trochanteric distance, Anterior neck length.


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Cite this article: Sobana M, Nedunchezhiyan S. OSTEOMETRIC STUDY OF PROXIMAL FEMUR. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(1.1):6108-6112. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.416