Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 1.1 (January 2019)

Page No.: 6050-6058

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.404


Samuel Bimpong 1, Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo *2, Obed Ohene-Djan Atuahene 3, JoshuaTetteh 4.

1 Department of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

*2 Professor, Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

3 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

4 Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Corresponding Author: Professor Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo (PhD), Department of Anatomy School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, Tel: +233 208 126 817, Fax: +233 322 062 190 E-Mail: knustsmsanat@gmail.com


Morphologic and morphometric characterization of the umbilical cord and vessel components could greatly assist in improving adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between morphometry of umbilical cord vessel components and neonatal outcome.  A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted on 207 umbilical cords attached to placentae obtained from Victory Maternity Home and Clinic in Kumasi (Ghana) between November, 2013 and October, 2014. Umbilical cord length, diameter, and vessels’ diameter were measured with the umbilical cord still attached to the placenta. Neonatal anthropometries were recorded within 24 hours after delivery. The mean ± SD of vein diameter between neonates of normotensive 3.36 (±0.88) and hypertensive mothers 3.82 (± 0.50) showed a significant difference. The body length of neonates with short umbilical cord length was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than that of those with long cord lengths. Quantitative analysis indicated a positive linear relationship in umbilical cord and its vessels components with neonatal anthropometry (p<0.05).  In conclusion, the morphometry of the umbilical cord and its vessels could predict maternal and neonatal outcome and therefore would be useful in early detection and management of neonatal abnormalities.

Key words: Neonatal, Umbilical cord, Wharton’s jelly, Morphometry, Normotensive.


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Cite this article: Samuel Bimpong, Chrissie Stansie Abaidoo, Obed Ohene-Djan Atuahene, JoshuaTetteh. MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF UMBILICAL CORD VESSELS AND NEONATAL OUTCOME. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(1.1):6050-6058. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.404