Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 2.3 (June 2018)

Page No.: 5332-5338

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.197


Gultaj Paul 1, Gurdeep Singh Kalyan 2, Harsimarjit Kaur *3, Usha Chhabra 4.

1 Senior Resident, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.

2 Professor( Anatomy) currently posted as Joint Director, DRME, Punjab, India.

*3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India. 

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Harsimarjit Kaur, Associate Professor, Department Of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab, India.  E-Mail: dr.harsimarjit@gmail.com


Background: Dermatoglyphics is the scientific study of fingerprints. Fingerprint is a multifactorial trait. Large number of genes play their role along with environmental influence. Chromosomal aberration affect these genes and produce variation in dermatoglyphic pattern in various chromosomal syndromes.

Materials and methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College and Rajindra Hospital,Patiala and is based on digital dermatoglyphics of 100 Thalassemic patients from Thalassemia Ward of Rajindra Hospital, Patiala hailing from Northern region of India. The control group comprises of 50 individuals of similar origin. Fingertip dermatoglyphic patterns of both hands of Thalassemia patients and control group were recorded by INK method.The fingertip pattern type was recorded by using Henry’s classification method. The data so obtained was compiled and analysed statistically.

Results: It was found that whorls were most frequent pattern on digit IV in patients and controls, with statistical significance in both hands, right hand (p value .042) and left hand (p value .010). Ulnar loops had preponderance over other patterns on digit V in both the groups but the difference was statistically significant in left hand (p value .033).

Conclusion: From our study it can be concluded that dermatoglyphics can prove to be an extremely useful tool for the preliminary investigations into conditions with a suspected genetic base and dermatoglyphic abnormalities should prove of considerable value in preliminary mass screening.

KEY WORDS: Dermatoglyphics, Thalassemia, Fingertip Pattern.


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Cite this article: Gultaj Paul, Gurdeep Singh Kalyan, Harsimarjit Kaur, Usha Chhabra. DERMATOGLYPHIC PATTERN ON FINGERTIPS OF THALASSEMIA PATIENTS: A CASE CONTROL STUDY IN NORTH INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2018;6(2.3):5332-5338. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.197