Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 2.2 (May 2018)

Page No.: 5186-5190

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.150


Abhinav Kumar Mishra *¹, Shashi Bhushan Pandey ², Chandan Kumar Yadav ³, Mahboobul Haque ⁴, Naresh Chandra ⁵.

*1,3,5 Department of Anatomy , Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, India.

2 Department of Anatomy , Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, India.

4 Department of Anatomy , Integral Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Abhinav Kumar Mishra, Department of Anatomy, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Barabanki, India. E-Mail : abhinavanatomy07@gmail.com


Background: Foramen Magnum (FM) is a latin word meaning the largest aperture in the base of the skull. It is oval and wider behind, with the greatest diameter (dm) being antero-posterior (AP). The major vital neuroanatomic passes through this largest foramen. Many authors have classified FM depending upon its shapes.

Objectives: To determine the morphometric parameters of Foramen Magnum

Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 71 dry human skulls of unknown sex and measured its Antero-Posterior, Transverse, Right Oblique and Left Oblique diameters with the help of digital caliper.

Result: The dormancy of Oval shaped Foramen Magnum was found in this study. The range of Antero-posterior and Transverse diameter falls between 30.22-40.9 mm and 22.67-33.36 mm respectively. The range of Right oblique and Left Oblique diameter was found in between 20.84-35.52 mm and 28.88-35.47 mm respectively.

Conclusion: The present study will useful not only for anatomists but also in neurosurgery. As the nomenclature of the opening in the occipital bone at the base of the skull and bounded by Oval and Rounded on visualization supported by Antero-Posterior and Transverse diameter of the opening.

Key words: Right Oblique diameter, Left Oblique diameter, Neuroanatomic  structures, Foramen Magnum Index.


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Cite this article: Abhinav Kumar Mishra, Shashi Bhushan Pandey, Chandan Kumar Yadav, Mahboobul Haque, Naresh Chandra. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF FORAMEN MAGNUM OF SKULL IN POPULATION OF UTTAR PRADESH. Int J Anat Res 2018;6(2.2):5186-5190. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.150