Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 1.2 (February 2018)

Page No.: 4924-4927

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.508


Divya Shanthi D’Sa 1, Sangeetha V 2.

1 Assistant Professor, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.

*2 Assistant Professor, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Sangeetha V, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences, NH-13, Purle, HH Road, Shimoga: 577222, Karnataka, India. Mobile no: 9481831659 E-Mail: sanman77@rediffmail.com


Background: Placenta is a functional unit between the mother and the fetus. It is the discoid, deciduate, haemochorial, chorioallantoic, endocrine gland which connects developing embryo by umbilical cord to the uterus. It develops from two sources. The fetal component which is the principal component develops from chorion frondosum and the maternal component from decidua basalis. If the decidual part of the placenta is healthy, the embryogenesis from germinal period up to the end of fetal period will be healthy. Otherwise it will lead to anomalies of the placenta, umbilical cord and of the fetus including low birth weight. There is a proven direct relationship between placental growth, fetal well-being and finally fetal outcome.

Aim: To study the morphometry of placenta in relation to birth weight of full term newborns.

Methodology:            For the study, 60 discarded placentae were collected at random from deliveries (both vaginal and caesarian) conducted at the teaching hospital of Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences. Thirty out of the sixty placentae were from controls (birth weight ≥ 2500gms) and thirty from low birth weight deliveries (birth weight <2500gms). In the collected placenta, the weight, volume, diameter and thickness of placenta were measured. The foeto-placental ratio and placental co-efficient was calculated.

Results: Our study demonstrated a significant relationship between placental morphometry and birth weight.

Conclusion: Because of the growing evidence of correlation of placental morphology with chronic diseases in later life, we suggest examination of placenta at the time of birth.

Key words: Birth weight, Placenta, Placental morphometry.


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Cite this article: Divya Shanthi D’Sa, Sangeetha V. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF PLACENTA IN RELATION TO BIRTH WEIGHT OF FULL TERM NEWBORNS. Int J Anat Res 2018;6(1.2):4924-4927. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.508