Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 1.1 (January 2018)

Page No.: 4849-4853

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.482


S.Kalaiyarasi 1, P.S.Chitra *2.

1 Associate Professor Of Anatomy, Kapv Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India.

*2 Professor Of Anatomy, Kapv Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India.

Corresponding Author: P.S.Chitra. M.S. (Anatomy), Professor of Anatomy, KAPV Government Medical College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India. Mobile No:  83447 67640.  E-Mail: pschitraezhilko@gmail.com


Background: Since many clinical conditions affecting the brain stem are the results of vascular lesions, profound knowledge of vertebrobasilar circulation is of utmost clinical importance.Variations in the origin of superior cerebellar artery(SCA) are frequently observed and these may play an important role in neurovascular compression syndrome, as III,IV and V cranial nerves are closely related to SCA. Being one of the frequent locations for aneurysms of posterior circulation,variations of SCA should be considered prior to any diagnostic or therapeutic procedures in basilar tip region.

Materials and Methods: The current study was conducted on 80 human cadaveric brain specimens to study the variant origin of superior cerebellar artery, its anomalies, and to measure the dimensions of proximal segment of SCA. The study was undertaken during routine dissection for the undergraduate students over a period of 5 years.

Results:  80 specimens, (i.e. 160 SCAs) were analysed. SCA arose from the basilar artery in 152 cases. In 3 cases SCA originated from posterior cerebral artery (PCA). SCA and PCA arose as a common trunk in 5 cases. Out of 160 SCAs, it arose as single vessel in 129 cases. Duplication was seen in 28 cases. Triplication was found in 3 cases. Outer diameter of SCA at its origin was 1.8 ±0.5mm on the right side. On the left side it was 1.6 ±0.4mm.The length of the proximal segment of the SCA ranged from 9 to 24mm. The distance between SCA and PCA ranged from 0.6mm to 3.2mm.

Conclusion: Our study identified significant variations in the origin of SCA as well as the dimensions of its proximal segment. It would be useful for neuroradiologists in investigative procedures like CT, MRI and cerebral angiography. Neurosurgeons performing endovascular procedures for aneurysms and surgery for posterior fossa tumors will also benefit from this study.

Key words: Basilar Artery, Superior Cerebellar Artery, Proximal Segment, Duplication, Triplication Variations.


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Cite this article: Naveen Kumar. B, Sirisha. V, Udaya Kumar. P, Kalpana. T. A STUDY OF VARIATIONS IN THE ORIGIN OF SUPERIOR CEREBELLAR ARTERY AND THE DIMENSIONS OF ITS PROXIMAL SEGMENT. Int J Anat Res 2018;6(1.1):4849-4853. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.482