Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 4.3 (December 2017)

Page No.: 4756-4759

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.464


Jagriti Agrawal *, Deepti Gautam, Vishaka Soutkke, Pawan Kumar Mourya.

Department of Anatomy,  Pt. J.N.M Medical College, Raipur (C.G)492001, India.

Department of Anatomy, Pt. J.N.M Medical College, Raipur (C.G)492001, India.

Department of Anatomy, Pt. J.N.M Medical College, Raipur (C.G)492001, India.

Department of Anatomy, Pt. J.N.M Medical College, Raipur (C.G)492001, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Jagriti Agrawal, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Pt. J.N.M Medical College, Raipur (C.G)492001, India. E-Mail: jagritiagrawal28@gmail.com


Background: The human orbits are complex anatomical structure which contains visual apparatus along with its neurovascular structures. Morphometric analysis of orbit is of great significance to anthropologists, anatomists, forensic experts, maxillofacial and plastic surgeons. Orbital dimensions vary with the periods of evolution, development, sex, race, and regions within the same race as pointed out in previous studies. The objective of the present study is to provide the baseline reference data for the central Indian population.

Material and Methods: Orbital dimensions of 50 dry skulls, collected from the department of anatomy and forensic Pt. J.N.M.Medical College, Raipur were measured by digital vernier calipers with 0.01mm accuracy. Orbital height (OH) and orbital breadth (OB) of both sides were measured and orbital index (OI) calculated by applying formula Ol = OH/OB X 100.All the data obtained were statistically analysed and tabulated.

Result: The mean orbital height for the right and left side were 33.46 ± 3.12 mm and 33.79 ± 3.46 mm while their breadth were 39.79 ± 4.12 and 39.23 ± 34 mm respectively. The mean orbital index calculated was 86.19 ± 5.12 on right and 84.57 ± 5.12 on left side. Maximum orbits measured were of mesosome category. There was no significant difference between right and left side of the orbital parameters.

Conclusion: The orbital dimensions measured in the present study provides baseline data for ophthalmological, maxillary and facial reconstructive cosmetic surgeries and also helpful in classify the skulls for forensic experts in central India. The values shows the diversity of orbital morphology in different geographical areas and also useful in better treatment of orbital pathologies.

Key words: Orbital morphometry, Central India, Orbital index, Mesoseme, Vernier caliper.


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Cite this article: Jagriti Agrawal, Deepti Gautam, Vishaka Soutkke, Pawan Kumar Mourya. MORPHOMETRY OF ORBIT FROM ADULT DRY SKULL OF CENTRAL INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(4.3):4756-4759. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.464